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Open AccessArticle

Phylogeny of the Subtribe Monoctonina (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Aphidiinae)

1
Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
2
Institute for Plant Protection and Environment, Department of Plant Pests, Banatska 33, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
3
Laboratory of Agricultural Zoology and Entomology, Department of Crop Science, Agricultural University of Athens, 75 Iera Odos str., 11885 Athens, Attica, Greece
4
Naturalis Biodiversity Center, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
5
Centre for Biodiversity Genomics, Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2020, 11(3), 160; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11030160
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 20 February 2020 / Accepted: 21 February 2020 / Published: 2 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Population Genetics of Insects)
Members of the Monoctonina subtribe have long been neglected in applied studies of the subfamily Aphidiinae, due to their low economic importance, as they do not parasitize pests of cultivated plants. Consequently, data about this group are scarce, including its taxonomy and phylogeny. In the present study, we explore inter- and intraspecific genetic variation of Monoctonina species, including genera Monoctonus Haliday 1833, Monoctonia Starý 1962, Falciconus Mackauer 1959 and Harkeria Cameron 1900. We employ two molecular markers, the barcode region of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) and the D2 region of the 28S nuclear gene (28S rDNA), to analyze genetic structuring and phylogeny of all available Monoctonina species, and combine them with morphological data for an integrative approach. We report one new species, and three potentially new species which can be formally described when further specimens are available. Analysis of phylogenetic relationships within the subtribe shows a basal position for the genera Falciconus and Monoctonia, and the close relatedness of Harkeria and Monoctonus. View Full-Text
Keywords: Monoctonina; Monoctonus; Monoctonia; Falciconus; Harkeria; barcoding; Aphidiinae; phylogeny Monoctonina; Monoctonus; Monoctonia; Falciconus; Harkeria; barcoding; Aphidiinae; phylogeny
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Čkrkić, J.; Petrović, A.; Kocić, K.; Mitrović, M.; Kavallieratos, N.G.; van Achterberg, C.; Hebert, P.D.N.; Tomanović, Ž. Phylogeny of the Subtribe Monoctonina (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Aphidiinae). Insects 2020, 11, 160.

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