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Open AccessArticle

Standardized Ixodid Tick Survey in Mainland Florida

1
Department of Geography and Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
2
Department of Wildlife and Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(8), 235; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10080235
Received: 26 June 2019 / Revised: 28 July 2019 / Accepted: 29 July 2019 / Published: 1 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tick Surveillance and Tick-borne Diseases)
A statewide survey of questing ixodid ticks in mainland Florida was developed consistent with U.S. CDC standards to maximize the amount of epidemiologic and environmental data gathered. Survey sites were stratified by climatic zones and proportional to recognized land cover categories. A total of 560 transects on 41 sites within the state were sampled repeatedly by flagging between 2015 and 2018. Four tick species were collected; Amblyomma americanum, Amblyomma maculatum, Ixodes scapularis and Dermacentor variabilis. All species were more commonly found in northern and central regions of the state than in southern and western regions. Adult I. scapularis were active from autumn through spring and complementary to adult A. americanum and D. variabilis. Standardized survey methods help reduce sampling biases and better characterize risk from the species surveyed. However, differences in the attractiveness of collection methods for different tick species makes cross-species comparisons a continuing challenge. View Full-Text
Keywords: ixodid ticks; Ixodes; Amblyomma; Dermacentor; field survey; geographic distribution; range; bias ixodid ticks; Ixodes; Amblyomma; Dermacentor; field survey; geographic distribution; range; bias
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MDPI and ACS Style

Glass, G.E.; Ganser, C.; Wisely, S.M.; Kessler, W.H. Standardized Ixodid Tick Survey in Mainland Florida. Insects 2019, 10, 235. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10080235

AMA Style

Glass GE, Ganser C, Wisely SM, Kessler WH. Standardized Ixodid Tick Survey in Mainland Florida. Insects. 2019; 10(8):235. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10080235

Chicago/Turabian Style

Glass, Gregory E.; Ganser, Claudia; Wisely, Samantha M.; Kessler, William H. 2019. "Standardized Ixodid Tick Survey in Mainland Florida" Insects 10, no. 8: 235. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10080235

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