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Behavioural Phenotypic Plasticity of Submerged Oviposition in Damselflies (Insecta: Odonata)

1
Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava, 710 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Science, Institute of Environmental Technologies, University of Ostrava, 710 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(5), 124; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10050124
Received: 3 March 2019 / Revised: 14 April 2019 / Accepted: 25 April 2019 / Published: 29 April 2019
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Abstract

Emerald damselfly Lestes sponsa is a common species within the temperate zone, with no special need for protection. The tactic of submerged oviposition is well known from other Odonata species, but has rarely been noticed or described in Lestes sponsa. Our study investigated the tactics of oviposition in this species, and shows that submerged oviposition indeed occurs frequently in Lestes sponsa. We experimentally tested the difference in the roles of males and females during the submerged ovipositional behaviour by combining males/females from submerging populations with males/females from non-submerging populations. We discovered that, whereas submerging males coupling with non-submerging females did not lead to submersion, the opposite combination of pairs submerged. Other patterns of submersions are discussed further in this paper. Our research led to the conclusion that damselflies have the ability to learn and react to different situations in keeping with the learning potential of insects in general. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptive learning; adult experience; Lestes sponsa; manipulative experiment; sex-specific difference; oviposition tactic; reproductive behaviour adaptive learning; adult experience; Lestes sponsa; manipulative experiment; sex-specific difference; oviposition tactic; reproductive behaviour
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Helebrandová, J.B.; Pyszko, P.; Dolný, A. Behavioural Phenotypic Plasticity of Submerged Oviposition in Damselflies (Insecta: Odonata). Insects 2019, 10, 124.

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