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Thermal Death Kinetics of Cryptolestes pusillus (Schonherr), Rhyzopertha dominica (Fabricius), and Tribolium confusum (Jacquelin du Val) Using a Heating Block System

1, 2 and 1,3,*
1
College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
2
Academy of State Administration of Grain, Beijing 100037, China
3
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Washington State University, 213 L.J. Smith Hall, Pullman, WA 99164-6120, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(5), 119; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10050119
Received: 24 March 2019 / Revised: 14 April 2019 / Accepted: 24 April 2019 / Published: 26 April 2019
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Abstract

Thermal treatment has been extensively used to control pests in stored grains for a long time. The objective of this study was to analyze thermal death kinetics of adult flat grain beetle, Cryptolestes pusillus (Schonherr), lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (Fabricius), and confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum (Jacquelin du Val), using a heating block system (HBS), at temperatures of 46, 48, 50, and 52 °C for C. pusillus and T. confusum, and 48, 50, 52, and 54 °C for R. dominica with a heating rate of 5 °C/min. Thermal death curves of those three insects followed a 0th-order reaction model. Complete mortality of C. pusillus, R. dominica, and T. confusum were observed after exposure to 1.4, 5.0, and 0.9 min at 52, 54 and 52 °C, respectively. The thermal death activation energy for controlling C. pusillus, R. dominica, and T. confusum was 689.91, 380.88, and 617.08 kJ/mol with z values of 2.88, 5.18, and 3.22 °C, respectively. The cumulative lethal time model can also be used to predict mortality of these three insects during a practical heating process. The information provided by this study on storage pests may be useful for developing effective thermal treatment protocols. View Full-Text
Keywords: storage insect; thermal treatment; thermal death time model; cumulative lethal time model storage insect; thermal treatment; thermal death time model; cumulative lethal time model
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Hou, L.; Wu, Y.; Wang, S. Thermal Death Kinetics of Cryptolestes pusillus (Schonherr), Rhyzopertha dominica (Fabricius), and Tribolium confusum (Jacquelin du Val) Using a Heating Block System. Insects 2019, 10, 119.

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