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Insects 2019, 10(3), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10030061

Dynamic Responses of Ground-Dwelling Invertebrate Communities to Disturbance in Forest Ecosystems

1
Department of Entomology, The Ohio State University, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, 1680 Madison Ave., Wooster, OH 44691, USA
2
The Davey Tree Expert Company, 1500 Mantua Street, Kent, OH 44240, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 December 2018 / Revised: 18 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecology and Management of Forest Insects in a Changing World)
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Abstract

In forest ecosystems, natural and anthropogenic disturbances alter canopy structure, understory vegetation, amount of woody debris, and the properties of litter and soil layers. The magnitude of these environmental changes is context-dependent and determined by the properties of the disturbance, such as the frequency, intensity, duration, and extent. Therefore, disturbances can dynamically impact forest communities over time, including populations of ground-dwelling invertebrates that regulate key ecosystem processes. We propose conceptual models that describe the dynamic temporal effects of canopy gap formation and coarse woody debris accumulation following disturbances caused by invasive insects, wind, and salvage logging, and their impacts on ground-dwelling invertebrate communities. Within this framework, predictions are generated, literature on ground-dwelling invertebrate communities is synthesized, and pertinent knowledge gaps identified. View Full-Text
Keywords: arthropods; canopy gap formation; emerald ash borer; exotic species; tornado; salvage logging; wind; woody debris arthropods; canopy gap formation; emerald ash borer; exotic species; tornado; salvage logging; wind; woody debris
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Perry, K.I.; Herms, D.A. Dynamic Responses of Ground-Dwelling Invertebrate Communities to Disturbance in Forest Ecosystems. Insects 2019, 10, 61.

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