Next Article in Journal
Green, Yellow, and Red Fluorescent Proteins as Markers for Bacterial Isolates from Mosquito Midguts
Previous Article in Journal
Mosquito Larvicidal Activity of the Essential Oils of Erechtites Species Growing Wild in Vietnam
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Cold Response of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Ceratitis capitata) on a Lab Diet

School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
College of Agriculture, Misan University, Misan 62001, Iraq
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(2), 48;
Received: 4 January 2019 / Revised: 30 January 2019 / Accepted: 30 January 2019 / Published: 3 February 2019
PDF [471 KB, uploaded 3 February 2019]
  |     |  


Cold treatment at 0.0 °C with different exposure durations (0–12 days) was applied to the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) fed on a lab diet. The examined developmental stages were early eggs (<6 h), late eggs (>42 h), first instar, second instar and third instar larvae. Pupation, adult emergence and sex ratios of survived flies were investigated to study the C. capitata responses to this low temperature treatment. Our results showed that exposure time at low temperature has a clear effect on pupation and adult emergence. Based on pupation ratios, the first and third instar are the most cold tolerant stages, with LT99 = 7.3 for both of them. Cold tolerance at both stages are very close and no significant differences were detected. There were no significant differences on C. capitata sex ratios among different stages after treatment. This study improves our understanding of C. capitata responses to cold treatment, which may assist in the improvement of the current treatment strategies to control this destructive horticulture pest species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean fruit fly; Ceratitis capitata; cold treatment; postharvest treatment Mediterranean fruit fly; Ceratitis capitata; cold treatment; postharvest treatment

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Behadili, F.J.; Bilgi, V.; Li, J.; Wang, P.; Taniguchi, M.; Agarwal, M.; Ren, Y.; Xu, W. Cold Response of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Ceratitis capitata) on a Lab Diet. Insects 2019, 10, 48.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Insects EISSN 2075-4450 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top