Next Article in Journal
Ecological Drivers of Species Distributions and Niche Overlap for Three Subterranean Termite Species in the Southern Appalachian Mountains, USA
Next Article in Special Issue
Temperature-Mediated Variations in Behavior and Mortality Caused by Non-Repellent Insecticides in Subterranean Termites (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae)
Previous Article in Journal
Lethal and Sub-Lethal Effects of Insecticides on the Pink Hibiscus Mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Consumption Rate of Lichens by Constrictotermes cyphergaster (Isoptera): Effects of C, N, and P Contents and Ratios
Open AccessReview

Termite Taxonomy, Challenges and Prospects: West Africa, A Case Example

1
Zoology I: Evolutionary Biology & Ecology, University of Freiburg, Hauptstrasse 1, 79104-Freiburg, Germany
2
Laboratory of Applied Entomology, Department of Zoology and Animal Biology, Faculty of Sciences, S/C University of Lomé, 1 BP 1515 Lomé 1, Togo
3
Laboratory of Applied Ecology, University of Abomey-Calavi, 03 BP 3908 Cotonou, Benin
4
Departamento de Química y Biología, Universidad del Norte, Kilómetro 5 Antigua vía Puerto Colombia, 081007-Puerto Colombia, Colombia
5
Institute of Science (IDS), University Ouaga I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO (UO1PJKZ), O1 BP 2127 Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso
6
Ecologie végétale et biogéochimie, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Avenue F.D. Roosevelt 50, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
7
Université Nangui Abrogoua, UFR des Sciences de la Nature (UFR SN), Unité de Recherche en Ecologie et Biodiversité (UREB) & Station de Recherche en Ecologie du Parc National de la Comoé, 28 BP 847 Abidjan 28, Cote d’Ivoire
8
Laboratoire de Zoologie des Invertébrés Terrestres, IFAN B. P. 206 Dakar, Senegal
9
Department of Forestry and Wildlife Resources Management, University of Calabar, Calabar Cross River State, P.M.B 1123 Calabar, Nigeria
10
Department of Biology, Section for Ecology and Evolution, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen East, Denmark
11
Evolutionary Biology & Ecology, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Avenue F.D. Roosevelt 50, B-150 Brussels, Belgium
12
Institut du Développement Rural, Université Nazi Boni, 01BP 1091 Bobo 01, Burkina Faso
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(1), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10010032
Received: 23 November 2018 / Revised: 8 January 2019 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 16 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecology of Termites)
Termites are important ecosystem engineers. Yet they are often difficult to identify due to the lack of reliable species-specific morphological traits for many species, which hampers ecological research. Recently, termitologists working with West African termites (West African Termite Taxonomy Initiative) convened for a workshop with the aim of beginning to address this problem. Repeated determination of the same termite samples by the most renowned taxonomists for West African termites identified the huge scale of the problem, as less than 10% of all species could be unambiguously determined to the species level. Intensive discussions and comparisons increased the identification success to around 25% at the end of the workshop. Yet many groups remained problematic and molecular markers and barcoding techniques combined with species delimitation approaches will be needed to help resolve these existing taxonomic problems. Based on the outcome of this workshop, we propose concerted initiatives to address termite taxonomy on a global scale. We are convinced that dedicated workshops on regional taxonomy that follow a similar structured approach, with repeated determination of the same sample, will help overcome the difficulties that termite taxonomy faces. This initiative can also serve as a blueprint for other taxonomical groups that are difficult to identify. View Full-Text
Keywords: Africa; barcoding; ecology; Isoptera; social insect; taxonomy; termite Africa; barcoding; ecology; Isoptera; social insect; taxonomy; termite
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Korb, J.; Kasseney, B.D.; Cakpo, Y.T.; Casalla Daza, R.H.; Gbenyedji, J.N.K.B.; Ilboudo, M.E.; Josens, G.; Koné, N.A.; Meusemann, K.; Ndiaye, A.B.; Okweche, S.I.; Poulsen, M.; Roisin, Y.; Sankara, F. Termite Taxonomy, Challenges and Prospects: West Africa, A Case Example. Insects 2019, 10, 32.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop