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ASASSN-13db 2014–2017 Eruption as an Intermediate Luminosity Optical Transient

Department of Physics, Ariel University, P.O. Box 3, Ariel 4070000, Israel
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Galaxies 2020, 8(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/galaxies8010002
Received: 4 September 2019 / Revised: 11 December 2019 / Accepted: 12 December 2019 / Published: 19 December 2019
The low mass star ASASSN-13db experienced an EXor outburst in 2013, which identified it as a Young Stellar Object (YSO). Then, from 2014 to 2017 it had another outburst, longer and more luminous than the earlier. We analyze the observations of the second outburst, and compare it to eruptions of Intermediate Luminosity Optical Transients (ILOTs). We show that the decline of the light curve is almost identical to that of the V838 Mon, a prototype of a type of ILOT known as Luminous Red Nova (LRN). This similarity becomes conspicuous when oscillations that are associated with rotation are filtered out from the light curve of ASASSN-13db. We suggest that the eruption was the result of accretion of a proto-planet of a few Earth masses. The proto-planet was shredded by tidal forces before it was accreted onto the YSO, releasing gravitational energy that powered the outburst for 800 days , and ended in a 55 days decline phase. When the accretion material started depleting the accretion rate lowered and the eruption light curve declined for almost two months. Then it exhausted completely, creating a sharp break in the light curve. Another possibility is that the mass was a result of an instability in the proto-planetary disk that lead to a large episode of accretion from an inner viscous disk. We find that the variation of the temperature of the outburst is consistent with the surface temperature expected from a depleted viscous accretion disk. The 2014–2017 outburst of ASASSN-13db may be the least energetic ILOT to have been discovered to date, with an energy budget of only 10 42 erg . View Full-Text
Keywords: planet-star interactions; accretion, accretion discs; stars: pre-main-sequence; (stars:) binaries: general planet-star interactions; accretion, accretion discs; stars: pre-main-sequence; (stars:) binaries: general
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Kashi, A.; Michaelis, A.M.; Feigin, L. ASASSN-13db 2014–2017 Eruption as an Intermediate Luminosity Optical Transient. Galaxies 2020, 8, 2.

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