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J. Pers. Med. 2018, 8(3), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm8030025

Early Outcome Data Assessing Utility of a Post-Test Genomic Counseling Framework for the Scalable Delivery of Precision Health

1
Division of Human Genetics, Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH 43221, USA
2
Genomic Medicine Institute, Geisinger, Danville, PA 17821, USA
3
Coriell Institute for Medical Research, 403 Haddon Avenue, Camden, NJ 08103, USA
4
School of Communication, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43214, USA
5
Department of Biomedical Informatics, Center for Biostatistics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43221, USA
6
Department of Health Behavior & Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 May 2018 / Revised: 2 July 2018 / Accepted: 13 July 2018 / Published: 25 July 2018
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Abstract

Information on patients’ preferences is essential to guide the development of more efficient genomic counseling service delivery models. We examined patient preferences in the context of use of a post-test genomic counseling framework on patients (n = 44) with chronic disease receiving online test reports for eight different diseases and one drug-response result. We also explored patients’ disease risk awareness, recall of test report information, and confidence in knowing what to do with their test results. Prior to the post-test genomic counseling session, all participants viewed at least one test report; 81.6% of available test reports were reviewed in total. Participants requested more phone (36) than in-person counseling sessions (8), and phone sessions were shorter (mean 29.1 min; range 12–75 min) than in-person sessions (mean 52.8 min; range 23–85 min). A total of 182 test reports were discussed over the course of 44 counseling sessions (mean 4.13, range 1–9). Thirty-six (81.8%) participants requested assessment for additional medical/family history concerns. In exploring patient experiences of disease risk awareness and recall, no significant differences were identified in comparison to those of participants (n = 199) that had received in-person post-test genomic counseling in a parent study randomized controlled trial (RCT). In summary, a novel post-test genomic counseling framework allowed for a tailored approach to counseling based on the participants’ predetermined choices. View Full-Text
Keywords: genetic; genomic; counseling; service delivery; risk awareness; recall; telegenetic; telephone; in-person genetic; genomic; counseling; service delivery; risk awareness; recall; telegenetic; telephone; in-person
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sturm, A.C.; Schmidlen, T.; Scheinfeldt, L.; Hovick, S.; McElroy, J.P.; Toland, A.E.; Roberts, J.S.; Sweet, K. Early Outcome Data Assessing Utility of a Post-Test Genomic Counseling Framework for the Scalable Delivery of Precision Health. J. Pers. Med. 2018, 8, 25.

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