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Open AccessArticle

Impact of Information Technology on the Therapy of Type-1 Diabetes: A Case Study of Children and Adolescents in Germany

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Infokom GmbH, Neubrandenburg 17034, Germany
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Department for Health Care Sciences, University of Applied Sciences, Rheine 48431, Germany
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Department of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, MEDIGREIF-Inselklinik Heringsdorf GmbH, Heringsdorf 17424, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Pers. Med. 2014, 4(2), 200-217; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm4020200
Received: 13 January 2014 / Revised: 26 March 2014 / Accepted: 1 April 2014 / Published: 16 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mobile Health)
Being able to manage and adjust insulin doses is a key part of managing type-1 diabetes. Children and adolescents with type-1 diabetes mellitus often have serious difficulties with this dosage adjustment. Therefore, this paper aims to investigate the impact of using novel mobile, web and communication technologies in assisting their therapy and treatment. A trial was conducted in the north-eastern part of Germany to evaluate the impact of the “Mobil Diab”, a mobile diabetes management system, on the clinical outcome. 68 subjects aged between 8 and 18 years, divided randomly into control and intervention groups, were included into the study. Metrics such as changes in the quality of metabolic control, changes in psychological parameters, usability and acceptance of the technology were used for evaluation purpose. Metabolic control was mainly assessed by the mean HbAlc. Analysis showed a good acceptance of the proposed system. An overall improvement in mean levels of HbA1c was observed, however further studies will be conducted to prove evidence of the weight and BMI improvements. Moreover, initial indications of positive impact on the improvement in psychological parameters were presumed based on the result of the conducted study. The system appeared to be an efficient and time saving tool in diabetes management. View Full-Text
Keywords: mHealth; diabetes management; telemedicine; app; information technology; telematics platform mHealth; diabetes management; telemedicine; app; information technology; telematics platform
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MDPI and ACS Style

Berndt, R.-D.; Takenga, C.; Preik, P.; Kuehn, S.; Berndt, L.; Mayer, H.; Kaps, A.; Schiel, R. Impact of Information Technology on the Therapy of Type-1 Diabetes: A Case Study of Children and Adolescents in Germany. J. Pers. Med. 2014, 4, 200-217.

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