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Standardized Outcomes Measures in Physical Therapy Practice for Treatment and Rehabilitation of Cerebral PALSY: A Systematic Review

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Departamento Terapéutica Médico Quirúrgica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Extremadura, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
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Departamento de Desporto e Saúde, Escola de Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano, Universidade de Évora, 7004-516 Évora, Portugal
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Comprehensive Health Research Centre (CHRC), Universidade de Évora, 7004-516 Évora, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Robert E. Akins and Pritmohinder S. Gill
J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11(7), 604; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11070604
Received: 18 March 2021 / Revised: 20 May 2021 / Accepted: 18 June 2021 / Published: 26 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clinical Diagnosis and Personalized Treatment of Cerebral Palsy)
Cerebral palsy (CP) treatment includes physical therapy and various complementary therapies to the standard clinical treatment. However, there are not many reviews that focus on the methods used and evaluation procedures. This study aims to analyze which tools are most suitable for the evaluation and methodology of patients with CP treated with physical therapy. Following the PRISMA statement, through a PICOS strategy, PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science (WOS), Scopus, Science Direct, and Scielo were searched with the following terms: cerebral palsy AND (physical therapy modalities OR therapeutics) AND outcome assessment. The methodological quality of the RCTs was assessed with the Evidence Project risk of bias tool. Thirty-seven RCTs and six RCT protocols, comprising 1359 participants with different types of CP: spastic hemiplegia/paresis, spastic diplegia/paresis, and spastic CP, met the inclusion criteria, uncovering 21 variables measured through 77 different instruments and several interventions. The therapies most widely used in CP are gaming or technology-assisted therapies, aerobic training, hippotherapy, music therapy, gait training, and aquatic exercises. This study provides an overview of what the authors used in the neurorehabilitation field through procedure evaluation and checking the technological advance that began to be used. View Full-Text
Keywords: cerebral palsy; physical therapy; outcome assessment cerebral palsy; physical therapy; outcome assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Apolo-Arenas, M.D.; Jerônimo, A.F.d.A.; Caña-Pino, A.; Fernandes, O.; Alegrete, J.; Parraca, J.A. Standardized Outcomes Measures in Physical Therapy Practice for Treatment and Rehabilitation of Cerebral PALSY: A Systematic Review. J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11, 604. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11070604

AMA Style

Apolo-Arenas MD, Jerônimo AFdA, Caña-Pino A, Fernandes O, Alegrete J, Parraca JA. Standardized Outcomes Measures in Physical Therapy Practice for Treatment and Rehabilitation of Cerebral PALSY: A Systematic Review. Journal of Personalized Medicine. 2021; 11(7):604. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11070604

Chicago/Turabian Style

Apolo-Arenas, Maria D., Aline F.d.A. Jerônimo, Alejandro Caña-Pino, Orlando Fernandes, Joana Alegrete, and Jose A. Parraca 2021. "Standardized Outcomes Measures in Physical Therapy Practice for Treatment and Rehabilitation of Cerebral PALSY: A Systematic Review" Journal of Personalized Medicine 11, no. 7: 604. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11070604

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