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Article

Co-Calibrating Physical and Psychological Outcomes and Consumer Wearable Activity Outcomes in Older Adults: An Evaluation of the coQoL Method

by 1,* and 1,2
1
Quality of Life Technologies Lab, University of Copenhagen, Sigurdsgade 41, 2200 Copenhagen, Denmark
2
Quality of Life Technologies Lab, University of Geneva, Route de Drize 7, 1227 Carouge, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Pers. Med. 2020, 10(4), 203; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm10040203
Received: 15 August 2020 / Revised: 12 October 2020 / Accepted: 21 October 2020 / Published: 31 October 2020
Inactivity, lack of sleep, and poor nutrition predispose individuals to health risks. Patient-Reported Outcomes (PROs) assess physical behaviours and psychological states but are subject of self-reporting biases. Conversely, wearables are an increasingly accurate source of behavioural Technology-Reported Outcomes (TechROs). However, the extent to which PROs and TechROs provide convergent information is unknown. We propose the coQoL PRO-TechRO co-calibration method and report its feasibility, reliability, and human factors influencing data quality. Thirty-nine seniors provided 7.4 ± 4.4 PROs for physical activity (IPAQ), social support (MSPSS), anxiety/depression (GADS), nutrition (PREDIMED, SelfMNA), memory (MFE), sleep (PSQI), Quality of Life (EQ-5D-3L), and 295 ± 238 days of TechROs (Fitbit Charge 2) along two years. We co-calibrated PROs and TechROs by Spearman rank and reported human factors guiding coQoL use. We report high PRO—TechRO correlations (rS ≥ 0.8) for physical activity (moderate domestic activity—light+fair active duration), social support (family help—fair activity), anxiety/depression (numeric score—sleep duration), or sleep (duration to sleep—sleep duration) at various durations (7–120 days). coQoL feasibly co-calibrates constructs within physical behaviours and psychological states in seniors. Our results can inform designs of longitudinal observations and, whenever appropriate, personalized behavioural interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: ambulatory assessment; physical activity; social support; anxiety; depression; nutrition; memory; sleep; health-related quality of life; wearable ambulatory assessment; physical activity; social support; anxiety; depression; nutrition; memory; sleep; health-related quality of life; wearable
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MDPI and ACS Style

Manea, V.; Wac, K. Co-Calibrating Physical and Psychological Outcomes and Consumer Wearable Activity Outcomes in Older Adults: An Evaluation of the coQoL Method. J. Pers. Med. 2020, 10, 203. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm10040203

AMA Style

Manea V, Wac K. Co-Calibrating Physical and Psychological Outcomes and Consumer Wearable Activity Outcomes in Older Adults: An Evaluation of the coQoL Method. Journal of Personalized Medicine. 2020; 10(4):203. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm10040203

Chicago/Turabian Style

Manea, Vlad, and Katarzyna Wac. 2020. "Co-Calibrating Physical and Psychological Outcomes and Consumer Wearable Activity Outcomes in Older Adults: An Evaluation of the coQoL Method" Journal of Personalized Medicine 10, no. 4: 203. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm10040203

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