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Open AccessArticle

Risk Factors Associated with Low Back Pain among A Group of 1510 Pregnant Women

1
Department of Physiotherapy, Institute of Health Sciences, Pomeranian University, 76-200 Slupsk, Poland
2
Division of Perinatology and Women’s Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 61-701 Poznan, Poland
3
Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Division of Perinatology and Women’s Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 61-701 Poznan, Poland
4
Division of Mechatronics and Automatics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Koszalin University of Technology, 75-453 Koszalin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Pers. Med. 2020, 10(2), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm10020051
Received: 24 May 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 10 June 2020 / Published: 15 June 2020
Background: Low Back Pain (LBP) is a frequent, very common, and costly health problem. LBP, which occurs during pregnancy, may become a lifelong problem. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with LBP in pregnant women. Methods: The study included 1510 pregnant women. A questionnaire assessing demography, lifestyle, prevalence, and characteristics was designed and used in the study. Pain intensity was assessed with the VAS (Visual Analogue Scale). The RMDQ (Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire) was used to assess the effect that low back pain had on the functional capacity of a pregnant woman. Middle (thoracic) and low back pain disability was measured with the help of the ODI (Oswestry Disability Index) questionnaire. Results: The study confirmed that lying/sleeping (49.6%) and sitting positions (38.7%) as well as walking (37.2%) are the most significant factors causing LBP. It was also found that women who had not engaged in physical activity were more likely to experience LBP. Conclusions: Predisposing factors for LBP in pregnancy are LBP in previous pregnancies, back pain during menstruation, a younger age and a lack of physical activity. Most women in pregnancy with LBP experienced minimal and mild disability. View Full-Text
Keywords: pregnancy; low back pain; VAS; Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire; Oswestry Disability Index pregnancy; low back pain; VAS; Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire; Oswestry Disability Index
MDPI and ACS Style

Bryndal, A.; Majchrzycki, M.; Grochulska, A.; Glowinski, S.; Seremak-Mrozikiewicz, A. Risk Factors Associated with Low Back Pain among A Group of 1510 Pregnant Women. J. Pers. Med. 2020, 10, 51.

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