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Article

Treatment and Companion Diagnostics of Lower Back Pain Using Self-Controlled Energo-Neuroadaptive Regulator (SCENAR) and Passive Microwave Radiometry (MWR)

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don 344022, Russia
2
Library for Natural Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119991, Russia
3
Biological Systems Unit, Okinawa Institute Science and Technology, Okinawa 904-0495, Japan
4
School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9JS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lorenzo Crocco
Diagnostics 2022, 12(5), 1220; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics12051220
Received: 11 April 2022 / Revised: 28 April 2022 / Accepted: 10 May 2022 / Published: 12 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medical Microwave Radiometry for R&D and Practical Applications)
Evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment of nonspecific lower back pain (LBP) is currently largely based on the patient’s subjective feelings. The purpose of this study was to use passive microwave radiometry (MWR) as a tool for assessing the effectiveness of various treatment methods in patients with acute and subacute nonspecific LBP. Patients with a pain assessment on a visual analogue scale (VAS) of 6 to 10 points were divided into two groups: Group I included patients with pharmacological, syndrome-oriented treatment (n = 30, age 54.9 ± 2.3 years); Group II included a combination of pharmacotherapy with self-controlled energy-neuroadaptive regulation (SCENAR) (n = 25, age 52.8 ± 2.5 years). The analysis showed that the addition of SCENAR therapy (Group II) significantly potentiated the analgesic effect at the stages of treatment, and after 3 weeks, this had increased by more than two times, by 1.3 points on the VAS. There was also a significant decrease in the maximum internal temperature and normalization of the gradient of internal and skin temperatures, and a decrease in thermo-asymmetry, as assessed by temperature fields. Thermal asymmetry visualization allows the identification of the area of pathological muscle spasm and/or inflammation in the projection of the vertebral-motor segment for the possible targeted use of treatment methods such as percutaneous electro neurostimulation, massage, manual therapy, diagnostic and treatment blocks, etc. The MWR method also avoids unnecessary radiation exposure. View Full-Text
Keywords: lower back pain; passive microwave radiometry (MWR); transcutaneous electrical neurostimulation (TENS); self-controlled energy-neuro-adaptive regulation lower back pain; passive microwave radiometry (MWR); transcutaneous electrical neurostimulation (TENS); self-controlled energy-neuro-adaptive regulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tarakanov, A.V.; Tarakanov, A.A.; Kharybina, T.; Goryanin, I. Treatment and Companion Diagnostics of Lower Back Pain Using Self-Controlled Energo-Neuroadaptive Regulator (SCENAR) and Passive Microwave Radiometry (MWR). Diagnostics 2022, 12, 1220. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics12051220

AMA Style

Tarakanov AV, Tarakanov AA, Kharybina T, Goryanin I. Treatment and Companion Diagnostics of Lower Back Pain Using Self-Controlled Energo-Neuroadaptive Regulator (SCENAR) and Passive Microwave Radiometry (MWR). Diagnostics. 2022; 12(5):1220. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics12051220

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tarakanov, Alexander V., Alexander A. Tarakanov, Tatyana Kharybina, and Igor Goryanin. 2022. "Treatment and Companion Diagnostics of Lower Back Pain Using Self-Controlled Energo-Neuroadaptive Regulator (SCENAR) and Passive Microwave Radiometry (MWR)" Diagnostics 12, no. 5: 1220. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics12051220

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