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Brief Report

Two Novel Mutations in the JAG1 Gene in Pediatric Patients with Alagille Syndrome: The First Case Series in Czech Republic

1
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Brno, Masaryk University, 625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Department of Clinical Genetics and Genomics, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Brno, Masaryk University, 625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Center of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Department of Internal Medicine, Hematology and Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Brno, Masaryk University, 625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
4
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Brno, Masaryk University, 625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, 625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
6
Central European Institute of Technology, Masaryk University, 625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Søren Møller and Patryk Lipiński
Diagnostics 2021, 11(6), 983; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11060983
Received: 4 May 2021 / Revised: 25 May 2021 / Accepted: 25 May 2021 / Published: 28 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Cholestatic Liver Disorders)
Background: Alagille syndrome (ALGS) is a highly variable multisystem disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern with incomplete penetration. The disorder is caused by mutations in the JAG1 gene, only rarely in the NOTCH2 gene, which gives rise to malformations in multiple organs. Bile duct paucity is the main characteristic feature of the disease. Methods: Molecular-genetic examination of genes JAG1 and NOTCH2 in four probands of Czech origin who complied with the diagnostic criteria of ALGS was performed using targeted next-generation sequencing of genes JAG1 and NOTCH2. Segregation of variants in a family was assessed by Sanger sequencing of parental DNA. Results: Mutations in the JAG1 gene were confirmed in all four probands. We identified two novel mutations: c.3189dupG and c.1913delG. Only in one case, the identified JAG1 mutation was de novo. None of the parents carrying JAG1 pathogenic mutation was diagnosed with ALGS. Conclusion: Diagnosis of the ALGS is complicated due to the absence of clear genotype-phenotype correlations and the extreme phenotypic variability in the patients even within the same family. This fact is of particular importance in connection to genetic counselling and prenatal genetic testing. View Full-Text
Keywords: Alagille syndrome; JAG1 gene; pediatric patients; cholestasis Alagille syndrome; JAG1 gene; pediatric patients; cholestasis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Procházková, D.; Borská, R.; Fajkusová, L.; Konečná, P.; Hloušková, E.; Pavlovský, Z.; Slabý, O.; Pospíšilová, Š. Two Novel Mutations in the JAG1 Gene in Pediatric Patients with Alagille Syndrome: The First Case Series in Czech Republic. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 983. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11060983

AMA Style

Procházková D, Borská R, Fajkusová L, Konečná P, Hloušková E, Pavlovský Z, Slabý O, Pospíšilová Š. Two Novel Mutations in the JAG1 Gene in Pediatric Patients with Alagille Syndrome: The First Case Series in Czech Republic. Diagnostics. 2021; 11(6):983. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11060983

Chicago/Turabian Style

Procházková, Dagmar, Romana Borská, Lenka Fajkusová, Petra Konečná, Eliška Hloušková, Zdeněk Pavlovský, Ondřej Slabý, and Šárka Pospíšilová. 2021. "Two Novel Mutations in the JAG1 Gene in Pediatric Patients with Alagille Syndrome: The First Case Series in Czech Republic" Diagnostics 11, no. 6: 983. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11060983

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