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Article

Influence of Visual Information and Sex on Postural Control in Children Aged 6–12 Years Assessed with Accelerometric Technology

1
Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences, Campus a Xunqueira, University of Vigo, 36005 Pontevedra, Spain
2
SALBIS Research Group, Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de León, Ave. Astorga, 15, 24401 Ponferrada, Spain
3
Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Málaga, 25, 29010 Málaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Laura Ruzzini and Fabio Manfredini
Diagnostics 2021, 11(4), 637; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11040637
Received: 18 February 2021 / Accepted: 30 March 2021 / Published: 1 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Orthopedics: What Is on the Horizon?)
The performance of postural control is believed to be linked to how children use available sensory stimuli to produce adequate muscular activation. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to thoroughly explore postural stability under normal conditions and without visual information in postural control in children aged 6–12 years during static single-leg support. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with 316 children (girls = 158). The analyzed variables were the mean and maximum values obtained in each of the three body axes and their root mean square during two static single-leg support tests: one with eyes open and one with eyes closed. Girls showed lower magnitudes in the recorded accelerations at all ages and in all the variables of both tests. Accelerations during the tests showed progressively lower values from 6 to 12 years of age. The sex had a significant influence on the magnitude obtained in the accelerations recorded during the tests. Improvements in balance with increasing age were greater with visual information than without visual information. The tests of single-leg support showed preferential sensorimotor strategies in boys and girls: boys tend to rely more on visual inputs, and girls process somesthetic information in a preferential way. View Full-Text
Keywords: postural balance; child development; sex characteristics; accelerometer; biomechanical phenomena postural balance; child development; sex characteristics; accelerometer; biomechanical phenomena
MDPI and ACS Style

García-Liñeira, J.; Leirós-Rodríguez, R.; Chinchilla-Minguet, J.L.; García-Soidán, J.L. Influence of Visual Information and Sex on Postural Control in Children Aged 6–12 Years Assessed with Accelerometric Technology. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 637. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11040637

AMA Style

García-Liñeira J, Leirós-Rodríguez R, Chinchilla-Minguet JL, García-Soidán JL. Influence of Visual Information and Sex on Postural Control in Children Aged 6–12 Years Assessed with Accelerometric Technology. Diagnostics. 2021; 11(4):637. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11040637

Chicago/Turabian Style

García-Liñeira, Jesús, Raquel Leirós-Rodríguez, José L. Chinchilla-Minguet, and José L. García-Soidán. 2021. "Influence of Visual Information and Sex on Postural Control in Children Aged 6–12 Years Assessed with Accelerometric Technology" Diagnostics 11, no. 4: 637. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11040637

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