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Article

Genetic Diversity Analysis of Mitochondrial Cytb Gene, Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Protected Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) from Serbia

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Department of Genetics of Populations and Ecogenotoxicology, Institute for Biological Research “Siniša Stanković”—National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, University of Belgrade, Bulevar Despota Stefana 142, 11060 Belgrade, Serbia
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Department of Ecology, Institute for Biological Research “Siniša Stanković”—National Institute of Republic of Serbia, University of Belgrade, Bulevar Despota Stefana 142, 11060 Belgrade, Serbia
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Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Center for Forensic and Applied Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Birds of Prey Protection Foundation, Bulevar Despota Stefana 142, 11060 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Huabin Zhao
Life 2022, 12(2), 164; https://doi.org/10.3390/life12020164
Received: 27 December 2021 / Revised: 13 January 2022 / Accepted: 19 January 2022 / Published: 22 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Diversity and Ecology)
Once a widespread and common species across the region of southeast Europe, the Griffon vulture is now confined to small and isolated populations across the Balkan Peninsula. The population from Serbia with 290 couples represents its biggest and most viable population that can serve as an important reservoir of genetic diversity from which the birds can be used for the region’s reintroduction or recolonization programs. To estimate the level of genetic diversity, the mitochondrial Cytb gene from 58 unrelated birds sampled during the marking in the nests was sequenced and compared to the homologous Griffon vulture sequences available in publicly accessible online databases. Phylogeographic analysis based on Cytb sequences showed that the most frequent haplotype is found in all Griffon vulture populations and that each population possesses private haplotypes. Our data suggest that the Griffon vulture population from Serbia should be used as a source population for restocking and reintroduction programs in the region. The observed genetic differentiation between the populations from the Iberian and Balkan Peninsulas suggest that the introduction of foreign birds from remote populations should be avoided and that birds from indigenous or neighboring populations, if available, should be used instead. View Full-Text
Keywords: Griffon vulture; Cytb; population genetics; conservation; Balkan Peninsula; endangered species Griffon vulture; Cytb; population genetics; conservation; Balkan Peninsula; endangered species
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MDPI and ACS Style

Davidović, S.; Marinković, S.; Kukobat, M.; Mihajlović, M.; Tanasić, V.; Hribšek, I.; Tanasković, M.; Stamenković-Radak, M. Genetic Diversity Analysis of Mitochondrial Cytb Gene, Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Protected Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) from Serbia. Life 2022, 12, 164. https://doi.org/10.3390/life12020164

AMA Style

Davidović S, Marinković S, Kukobat M, Mihajlović M, Tanasić V, Hribšek I, Tanasković M, Stamenković-Radak M. Genetic Diversity Analysis of Mitochondrial Cytb Gene, Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Protected Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) from Serbia. Life. 2022; 12(2):164. https://doi.org/10.3390/life12020164

Chicago/Turabian Style

Davidović, Slobodan, Saša Marinković, Mila Kukobat, Milica Mihajlović, Vanja Tanasić, Irena Hribšek, Marija Tanasković, and Marina Stamenković-Radak. 2022. "Genetic Diversity Analysis of Mitochondrial Cytb Gene, Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Protected Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) from Serbia" Life 12, no. 2: 164. https://doi.org/10.3390/life12020164

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