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Review

A Role for Superficial Heat Therapy in the Management of Non-Specific, Mild-to-Moderate Low Back Pain in Current Clinical Practice: A Narrative Review

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Department of Movement and Training Science, Bergische University Wuppertal, 42119 Wuppertal, Germany
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S.I.M.G. Società Italiana di Medicina Generale, 50242 Florence, Italy
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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Farmácia Nuno Álvares, 2800-179 Almada, Portugal
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Nova Medical School, Nova University Lisbon, 1099-085 Lisbon, Portugal
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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Lisboa Central, 1150-199 Lisbon, Portugal
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Orthopedic & Trauma Unit, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, School of Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 70124 Bari, Italy
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Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Associate Professorship of Conservative and Rehabilitative Orthopedics, Technical University of Munich, 80992 Munich, Germany
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Department for Medical Professions, Diploma University of Applied Sciences Bad Sooden-Allendorf, 37242 Bad Sooden-Allendorf, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nicola Maffulli and Nicola Smania
Life 2021, 11(8), 780; https://doi.org/10.3390/life11080780
Received: 23 June 2021 / Revised: 23 July 2021 / Accepted: 27 July 2021 / Published: 2 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fasciae from a Molecular and Biomechanical Perspective)
Low back pain (LBP) is a leading cause of disability. It significantly impacts the patient’s quality of life, limits their daily living activities, and reduces their work productivity. To reduce the burden of LBP, several pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options are available. This review summarizes the role of superficial heat therapy in the management of non-specific mild-to-moderate LBP. First, we outline the common causes of LBP, then discuss the general mechanisms of heat therapy on (LBP), and finally review the published evidence regarding the impact of superficial heat therapy in patients with acute or chronic non-specific LBP. This review demonstrates that continuous, low-level heat therapy provides pain relief, improves muscular strength, and increases flexibility. Therefore, this effective, safe, easy-to-use, and cost-effective non-pharmacological pain relief option is relevant for the management of non-specific mild or moderate low back pain in current clinical practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat therapy; low-back pain; musculoskeletal pain; non-pharmacological management heat therapy; low-back pain; musculoskeletal pain; non-pharmacological management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Freiwald, J.; Magni, A.; Fanlo-Mazas, P.; Paulino, E.; Sequeira de Medeiros, L.; Moretti, B.; Schleip, R.; Solarino, G. A Role for Superficial Heat Therapy in the Management of Non-Specific, Mild-to-Moderate Low Back Pain in Current Clinical Practice: A Narrative Review. Life 2021, 11, 780. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11080780

AMA Style

Freiwald J, Magni A, Fanlo-Mazas P, Paulino E, Sequeira de Medeiros L, Moretti B, Schleip R, Solarino G. A Role for Superficial Heat Therapy in the Management of Non-Specific, Mild-to-Moderate Low Back Pain in Current Clinical Practice: A Narrative Review. Life. 2021; 11(8):780. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11080780

Chicago/Turabian Style

Freiwald, Jürgen, Alberto Magni, Pablo Fanlo-Mazas, Ema Paulino, Luís Sequeira de Medeiros, Biagio Moretti, Robert Schleip, and Giuseppe Solarino. 2021. "A Role for Superficial Heat Therapy in the Management of Non-Specific, Mild-to-Moderate Low Back Pain in Current Clinical Practice: A Narrative Review" Life 11, no. 8: 780. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11080780

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