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Review

The Need for Head Space: Brachycephaly and Cerebrospinal Fluid Disorders

1
Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7AL, UK
2
Fitzpatrick Referrals, Godalming GU7 2QQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Edgar Lehr
Life 2021, 11(2), 139; https://doi.org/10.3390/life11020139
Received: 21 January 2021 / Revised: 6 February 2021 / Accepted: 8 February 2021 / Published: 12 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 2020: A 10 Years Journey—Advances in Life Sciences)
Brachycephalic dogs remain popular, despite the knowledge that this head conformation is associated with health problems, including airway compromise, ocular disorders, neurological disease, and other co-morbidities. There is increasing evidence that brachycephaly disrupts cerebrospinal fluid movement and absorption, predisposing ventriculomegaly, hydrocephalus, quadrigeminal cistern expansion, Chiari-like malformation, and syringomyelia. In this review, we focus on cerebrospinal fluid physiology and how this is impacted by brachycephaly, airorhynchy, and associated craniosynostosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: ventriculomegaly; hydrocephalus; Chiari malformation; syringomyelia; canine; craniosynostosis; supracollicular fluid collection; quadrigeminal cistern; lateral aperture; sleep disordered breathing; brachycephalic obstructive airway disease ventriculomegaly; hydrocephalus; Chiari malformation; syringomyelia; canine; craniosynostosis; supracollicular fluid collection; quadrigeminal cistern; lateral aperture; sleep disordered breathing; brachycephalic obstructive airway disease
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rusbridge, C.; Knowler, P. The Need for Head Space: Brachycephaly and Cerebrospinal Fluid Disorders. Life 2021, 11, 139. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11020139

AMA Style

Rusbridge C, Knowler P. The Need for Head Space: Brachycephaly and Cerebrospinal Fluid Disorders. Life. 2021; 11(2):139. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11020139

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rusbridge, Clare, and Penny Knowler. 2021. "The Need for Head Space: Brachycephaly and Cerebrospinal Fluid Disorders" Life 11, no. 2: 139. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11020139

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