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Applications of Proteomic Tools to Study Insect Vector–Plant Virus Interactions

1
Department of Entomology, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH 44691, USA
2
USDA APHIS PPQ, 5936 Ford Ct, Ste. 200, Brighton, MI 48116, USA
3
Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Life 2020, 10(8), 143; https://doi.org/10.3390/life10080143
Received: 13 June 2020 / Revised: 24 July 2020 / Accepted: 5 August 2020 / Published: 7 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Proteins and Proteomics)
Proteins are crucial players of biological interactions within and between the organisms and thus it is important to understand the role of proteins in successful partnerships, such as insect vectors and their plant viruses. Proteomic approaches have identified several proteins at the interface of virus acquisition and transmission by their insect vectors which could be potential molecular targets for sustainable pest and viral disease management strategies. Here we review the proteomic techniques used to study the interactions of insect vector and plant virus. Our review will focus on the techniques available to identify the infection, global changes at the proteome level in insect vectors, and protein-protein interactions of insect vectors and plant viruses. Furthermore, we also review the integration of other techniques with proteomics and the available bioinformatic tools to analyze the proteomic data. View Full-Text
Keywords: insect vectors; plant viruses; vector–virus interactions; proteomic tools; applications insect vectors; plant viruses; vector–virus interactions; proteomic tools; applications
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Mittapelly, P.; Rajarapu, S.P. Applications of Proteomic Tools to Study Insect Vector–Plant Virus Interactions. Life 2020, 10, 143.

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