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Article

A Novel Color Recognition Model for Improvement on Color Differences in Products via Grey Relational Grade

Department of Product and Media Design, Fo Guang University, Yilan 26247, Taiwan
Academic Editor: Kun-Li Wen
Axioms 2021, 10(4), 266; https://doi.org/10.3390/axioms10040266
Received: 1 September 2021 / Revised: 17 October 2021 / Accepted: 18 October 2021 / Published: 20 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Grey System Theory and Applications in Mathematics)
ED light, a green energy-saving light source, can cause color cast. For this reason, LED light is seldom favored by designers. The purpose of the paper is to provide shoppers who are observing product colors in an LED-lighted setting with an innovative color identification model. Based on designers’ product color comparison, the paper employs high-reliability mechanic visual perception in combination with grey relational grade. Grey relational grade is applied to eliminate electrical fault pertaining to mechanic visual perception, whereby appropriate LED parameters and color cast inclination can be obtained. The paper first mimics retail store display windows. The color temperature and illuminance of LED light sources are adjustable. Two degrees of illuminance, including high illuminance (1500 lux) and low illuminance (500 lux), and two light source color temperatures, including yellow light (2700 K) and white light (4000 K), were assigned for study. Four colors, including red, yellow, blue and green of the natural color system, were selected as product colors. The mechanic visual perception sensor was used to identify the object (product) color, which is then converted into an RGB color model to serve as research data of color cast measurement, and the grey relational grade was applied to obtain the most appropriate LED light parameters and the color cast of the four colors. The data analysis reveals that green shows the least color cast when it is lighted by a yellow LED light source with low illuminance, yellow and blue have the least color cast when it is lighted by a white LED light source with high illuminance and red displays the least color cast when it is lighted by a white LED light source with low-illuminance. The analysis also indicates each color’s cast inclination in blackness, chromaticness and hue. As a result, LED light that is more acceptable to designers is suggested for display windows, thus reducing problems with product color cast. View Full-Text
Keywords: LED light; color cast; mechanic visual perception; grey relational grade; RGB color model LED light; color cast; mechanic visual perception; grey relational grade; RGB color model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liou, J.-J. A Novel Color Recognition Model for Improvement on Color Differences in Products via Grey Relational Grade. Axioms 2021, 10, 266. https://doi.org/10.3390/axioms10040266

AMA Style

Liou J-J. A Novel Color Recognition Model for Improvement on Color Differences in Products via Grey Relational Grade. Axioms. 2021; 10(4):266. https://doi.org/10.3390/axioms10040266

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liou, Jeih-Jang. 2021. "A Novel Color Recognition Model for Improvement on Color Differences in Products via Grey Relational Grade" Axioms 10, no. 4: 266. https://doi.org/10.3390/axioms10040266

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