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Article

Accumulation of Arsenic and Heavy Metals in Native and Cultivated Plant Species in a Lead Recycling Area in Vietnam

1
Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Ha Noi 10072, Vietnam
2
Institute of Environmental Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Ha Noi 10072, Vietnam
3
VNU University of Science, Vietnam National University, 334 Nguyen Trai, Ha Noi 10053, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2019, 9(2), 132; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9020132
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 20 February 2019 / Published: 24 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arsenic Geochemistry and Health)
This study was conducted to determine the soil contamination and the accumulation of arsenic (As) and heavy metals including chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in 15 native and cultivated plant species in a Pb recycling area of Dong Mai village, Hung Yen Province, Vietnam. The analysis of 32 soil samples collected from seven different sites in the study area revealed that the contents of Al, Fe, As, Cr, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb in the soils ranged from 6200–32,600, 11,300–55,500, 5.4–26.8, 24.9–290, 66.0–252, 143–455, 0.71–1.67, and 370–47,400 mg/kg, respectively. The contents of As, Cr, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb in rice grains and the shoots of 15 plant species ranged from 0.14–10.2, 1.00–10.2, 5.19–23.8, 34.7–165, 0.06–0.99, and 2.83–1160 mg/kg-dry weight (DW), respectively. Hymenachne acutigluma (Steud.) Gilliland, a potential hyperaccumulator of Pb (1160 mg/kg-DW), is considered the best candidate for phytoremediation of Pb-contaminated soil. The cultivation of rice and vegetables, and the use of some native plants for food for humans, pigs, and cattle should be managed with consideration of the accumulation of Pb in their aboveground biomass. View Full-Text
Keywords: arsenic; heavy metals; hyperaccumulator; lead recycling; phytoremediation; soil contamination arsenic; heavy metals; hyperaccumulator; lead recycling; phytoremediation; soil contamination
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chu, H.T.T.; Vu, T.V.; Nguyen, T.K.B.; Nguyen, H.T.H. Accumulation of Arsenic and Heavy Metals in Native and Cultivated Plant Species in a Lead Recycling Area in Vietnam. Minerals 2019, 9, 132. https://doi.org/10.3390/min9020132

AMA Style

Chu HTT, Vu TV, Nguyen TKB, Nguyen HTH. Accumulation of Arsenic and Heavy Metals in Native and Cultivated Plant Species in a Lead Recycling Area in Vietnam. Minerals. 2019; 9(2):132. https://doi.org/10.3390/min9020132

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chu, Ha T.T., Tu V. Vu, Tam K.B. Nguyen, and Ha T.H. Nguyen 2019. "Accumulation of Arsenic and Heavy Metals in Native and Cultivated Plant Species in a Lead Recycling Area in Vietnam" Minerals 9, no. 2: 132. https://doi.org/10.3390/min9020132

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