Basic Characteristics of Hemimorphite and Its Transformation Mechanism with Na2CO3
AbstractThe crystal of hemimorphite is a non-conductor. The Si–O bond in the crystal is strong, whereas the Zn–O bond is weak. These properties lead to the easy breakage of the Zn–O bond in the crushing process of hemimorphite. Thus, the interaction between minerals and polar water molecules is strong, and natural floatability of ores is poor. This study systematically investigated the characteristics of hemimorphite and its action mechanism with Na2CO3. Results of SEM-EDS showed that the surface of hemimorphite dissolved after interacting with Na2CO3, and the contents of Si and O decreased, whereas Zn and C increased. XPS analysis showed that the carbonate group was detected. The interaction between CO32− and hemimorphite was calculated using the first principles calculation based on density functional theory. The results indicate that an O atom in CO32− interacted with Zn2+ from the (100) plane of hemimorphite. The interaction between Zn and O atoms was not strong, and the Zn atoms were not completely displaced, which was proven by density of state analysis and the EDS and XPS results. The Mulliken population showed that the O–Zn bond was the atomic bonding of CO32− with Zn2+ and exhibited properties of ionic bonds. Thus, hemimorphite transformed to smithsonite-like mineral (ZnCO3) when acting with CO32−. View Full-Text
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Wang, Q.; Zhang, X.; Liu, D.; Cao, S.; Song, K.; Jing, M.; Li, K.; Wu, L.; Liu, R. Basic Characteristics of Hemimorphite and Its Transformation Mechanism with Na2CO3. Minerals 2018, 8, 143.
Wang Q, Zhang X, Liu D, Cao S, Song K, Jing M, Li K, Wu L, Liu R. Basic Characteristics of Hemimorphite and Its Transformation Mechanism with Na2CO3. Minerals. 2018; 8(4):143.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Qihong; Zhang, Xiaolin; Liu, Dianwen; Cao, Shiming; Song, Kaiwei; Jing, Man; Li, Kangkang; Wu, Luqing; Liu, Ruizeng. 2018. "Basic Characteristics of Hemimorphite and Its Transformation Mechanism with Na2CO3." Minerals 8, no. 4: 143.
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