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Minerals 2017, 7(9), 161; https://doi.org/10.3390/min7090161

Mineralogy and Processing of Hydrothermal Vein Quartz from Hengche, Hubei Province (China)

School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
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Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 31 August 2017 / Accepted: 31 August 2017 / Published: 2 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineralogy of Quartz and Silica Minerals)
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Abstract

Quartz occurs in many geological materials, and is used in numerous industrial fields as a raw material. Mineralogy and the processing of hydrothermal quartz were studied by optical microscope, electron probe microanalysis, scanning electron microscope, inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. A combination of the geological occurrence of the quartz deposit, mineralogical studies, and the processing technologies of the hydrothermal quartz was accomplished. The results show that impurities within the quartz mainly include muscovite, hematite, apatite, and secondary fluid inclusions. The main chemical impurities are Al (353 μg·g−1), K (118 μg·g−1), Fe (61.2 μg·g−1), P (15.5 μg·g−1), Na (13.4 μg·g−1), Mg (11.8 μg·g−1), Ti (8.31 μg·g−1), and B (10.8 μg·g−1). Based on these results, a combined process consisting of calcination and fluoride-free pressure acid leaching was established to effectively decompose and dissolve the quartz, and remove gangue minerals and fluid inclusions. The calcination process not only removed volatile components; it also destroyed the crystal structure of gangue minerals and enhanced their release probabilities. The calcination process has a positive influence on the removal of impurity elements by the fluoride-free pressure acid leaching process. A total of 85.2 wt % and 84.0 wt % of impurity elements was removed using the leaching systems of HCl-NH4Cl and H2SO4-NH4Cl, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrothermal quartz; geological setting; mineralogy; processing technology hydrothermal quartz; geological setting; mineralogy; processing technology
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Lin, M.; Pei, Z.; Lei, S. Mineralogy and Processing of Hydrothermal Vein Quartz from Hengche, Hubei Province (China). Minerals 2017, 7, 161.

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