Next Article in Journal
Chromium Members of the Pumpellyite Group: Shuiskite-(Cr), Ca2CrCr2[SiO4][Si2O6(OH)](OH)2O, a New Mineral, and Shuiskite-(Mg), a New Species Name for Shuiskite
Next Article in Special Issue
Compositional Characterization and Chronology of Roman Mortars from the Archaeological Site of Arroyo De La Dehesa De Velasco (Burgo De Osma- Ciudad De Osma, Soria, Spain)
Previous Article in Journal
Mineralogical and Geochemical Characterization of Talc from Two Mexican Ore Deposits (Oaxaca and Puebla) and Nine Talcs Marketed in Mexico: Evaluation of Its Cosmetic Uses
Previous Article in Special Issue
A New Database of the Quantitative Cathodoluminescence of the Main Quarry Marbles Used in Antiquity
Article

Volcanic Grinding Tools in Ustica Island (Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy): Local Production vs. Import of Morgantina-Type Millstones in the Hellenistic-Roman Period

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Pure e Applicate, Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo, 61029 Urbino, Italy
2
Laboratorio Museo di Scienze della Terra, 90051 Ustica, Palermo, Italy
3
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Palermo, 90146 Palermo, Italy
4
Parco Archeologico di Himera, Solunto e Iato, 90017 S. Flavia, Palermo, Italy
5
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Napoli Osservatorio Vesuviano, 80124 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2020, 10(5), 389; https://doi.org/10.3390/min10050389
Received: 1 April 2020 / Revised: 20 April 2020 / Accepted: 22 April 2020 / Published: 26 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineralogy in Archaeometry and Cultural Heritage)
This archaeometric study was focused on 28 grey to dark-grey lava artifacts found in Ustica Island (Southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy) and referable to different grinding tools: saddle querns, rotary Morgantina-type millstones, rotary hand-mills and one small mortar. Mineralogy, petrography and bulk rock geochemical analyses emphasized that most of the grinding artifacts belonged to the Na-Alkaline series of Ustica, mainly basalts, hawaiites and mugearites. Nevertheless, some millstone samples did not match major and trace elements of Ustica lavas, in particular, one high-TiO2 Na-Alkaline basalt from Pantelleria Island, some tholeiitic/transitional basalts from the Iblei Mountains and one Calcalkaline basaltic andesite, most likely from the Aeolian Archipelago. The Hellenistic–Roman re-colonisation of Ustica Island, after ca. one millennium of nearly complete abandonment, was testified by the import of the non-local Morgantina-type rotary millstones, very widespread in the Mediterranean area from 4th–3rd century BC. This import of millstones represented, for the Ustica inhabitants, a real breakthrough for developing a local production of grinding artifacts on the basis of the new rotary technique which was much more efficient than that of the archaic saddle querns, largely used in the Middle Bronze Age. The results are also discussed in the framework of the overall volcanic millstone trade in the Mediterranean area and the different milling technology in antiquity. View Full-Text
Keywords: grinding tools; lavas; magmatic series; Hellenistic–Roman period; Morgantina-type rotary millstones; trade; Mediterranean; Sicily; Ustica grinding tools; lavas; magmatic series; Hellenistic–Roman period; Morgantina-type rotary millstones; trade; Mediterranean; Sicily; Ustica
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Santi, P.; Foresta Martin, F.; Spatafora, F.; de Vita, S.; Renzulli, A. Volcanic Grinding Tools in Ustica Island (Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy): Local Production vs. Import of Morgantina-Type Millstones in the Hellenistic-Roman Period. Minerals 2020, 10, 389. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10050389

AMA Style

Santi P, Foresta Martin F, Spatafora F, de Vita S, Renzulli A. Volcanic Grinding Tools in Ustica Island (Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy): Local Production vs. Import of Morgantina-Type Millstones in the Hellenistic-Roman Period. Minerals. 2020; 10(5):389. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10050389

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santi, Patrizia, Franco Foresta Martin, Francesca Spatafora, Sandro de Vita, and Alberto Renzulli. 2020. "Volcanic Grinding Tools in Ustica Island (Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy): Local Production vs. Import of Morgantina-Type Millstones in the Hellenistic-Roman Period" Minerals 10, no. 5: 389. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10050389

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop