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Effects of Fine Minerals on Pulp Rheology and the Flotation of Diaspore and Pyrite Mixed Ores

by Chi Wang 1,2,3, Qin Zhang 1,2,3,*, Song Mao 1,2,3 and Shuhao Qin 4
1
College of Mining, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China
2
National & Local Joint Laboratory of Engineering for Effective Utilization of Regional Mineral Resources from Karst Areas, Guiyang 550025, China
3
Guizhou Key Laboratory of Comprehensive Utilization of Non-metallic Mineral Resources, Guiyang 550025, China
4
National and Local Joint Engineering Research Center for Functional Polymer Membrane Materials and Membrane Processes, Guiyang 550014, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2020, 10(1), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/min10010060
Received: 7 December 2019 / Revised: 31 December 2019 / Accepted: 6 January 2020 / Published: 9 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Mineral Processing and Metallurgy)
In this study, the effects of four fine minerals, which were fine diaspore (FDIA), kaolinite, illite, and pyrophyllite (D50 is about 4.55 μm, D80 is about 10.78 μm), on the pulp rheology of the diaspore and pyrite mixed ores (D50 is about 120.53 μm, D80 is about 187.36 μm) and the recovery of pyrite were investigated through flotation tests, pulp rheology measurements, and sedimentation tests. It was found that fine minerals could change the pulp rheology and affect the pyrite recovery. The apparent viscosity of the mixed ores slurry increased with the addition of FDIA, kaolinite, and illite and the pyrite recovery decreased in varying degrees. When the addition was 15 wt.%, the recovery of pyrite decreased from 92.3% to 60.8%, 81.4%, and 84.7%, respectively. The addition of pyrophyllite had a significant deteriorating effect on flotation. When the addition of pyrophyllite was 5 wt.%, the pyrite recovery was reduced to 49.2%, and when the addition was further increased to 15 wt.%, the pyrite recovery reduced to 28.5%. However, the effect of pyrophyllite addition on the pulp rheology of the mixed ore was not remarkable. Pyrophyllite affected pyrite recovery not only by affecting the rheological behavior of the pulp, but also because pyrophyllite was adsorbed on the surface of pyrite and diaspore, producing hetero-aggregation, which made it difficult for the pyrite particles to collide with the bubbles effectively. This was the main reason for the reduction of pyrite recovery. Generally, the order in which the reduction of pyrite recovery was affected by the additions of fine minerals was pyrophyllite > FDIA > kaolinite > illite.
Keywords: diaspore; pyrite; fine minerals; pulp rheology; hetero-aggregation diaspore; pyrite; fine minerals; pulp rheology; hetero-aggregation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, C.; Zhang, Q.; Mao, S.; Qin, S. Effects of Fine Minerals on Pulp Rheology and the Flotation of Diaspore and Pyrite Mixed Ores. Minerals 2020, 10, 60.

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