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Open AccessArticle

Network of Landscapes in the Sustainable Management of Transboundary Biosphere Reserves

1
University of Valladolid, 47002 Valladolid, Spain
2
Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí (ULEAM), Manta 130214, Ecuador
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(9), 320; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9090320
Received: 21 July 2020 / Revised: 4 September 2020 / Accepted: 8 September 2020 / Published: 10 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Land Systems and Global Change)
The creation of Transboundary Biosphere Reserves (TBRs) is one of the most outstanding contributions of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Man and Biosphere Programme (MAB). Recent revisions have shown that there is a gap between its biodiversity conservation proposals and the theoretical convergence of nations towards sustainable development goals with the practices in action. By applying the landscape approach to the case study of the rural system of the Spanish–Portuguese border, declared Meseta Ibérica TBR (MITBR), it is verified that the spatial zoning of TBRs is a prominent factor in this gap, since they do not correspond to the landscape units and bioregions. This has led to the formulation and implementation of strategic proposals for the reorientation of TBRs towards the stimulation of landscape networks in the transboundary framework. Agroecological networks in this territory stand out, which brings together one of the highest concentrations of indigenous breeds in Europe. A breeder replacement experience was carried out based on the social networks of the MITBR that protect the landscape. The main conclusion of this article is that TBRs are effective in practice through the promotion of cross-border networks of governance and social participation, and mainly through agroecological ones due to their outstanding effect on biodiversity. View Full-Text
Keywords: landscape; transboundary biosphere reserve; biodiversity conservation; agroecology; sustainable development; traditional ecological knowledge landscape; transboundary biosphere reserve; biodiversity conservation; agroecology; sustainable development; traditional ecological knowledge
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MDPI and ACS Style

Romano, J.; Pérez-Chinarro, E.; Coral, B.V. Network of Landscapes in the Sustainable Management of Transboundary Biosphere Reserves. Land 2020, 9, 320. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9090320

AMA Style

Romano J, Pérez-Chinarro E, Coral BV. Network of Landscapes in the Sustainable Management of Transboundary Biosphere Reserves. Land. 2020; 9(9):320. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9090320

Chicago/Turabian Style

Romano, Joaquin; Pérez-Chinarro, Emilio; Coral, Byron V. 2020. "Network of Landscapes in the Sustainable Management of Transboundary Biosphere Reserves" Land 9, no. 9: 320. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9090320

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