Next Article in Journal
Effect of Land Use and Land Cover Change on Soil Erosion in Erer Sub-Basin, Northeast Wabi Shebelle Basin, Ethiopia
Previous Article in Journal
Community-Led Green Land Acquisition: Social Innovative Initiatives for Forest Protection and Regional Development
Open AccessArticle

Synergies and Determinants of Sustainable Intensification Practices in Pakistani Agriculture

1
Collage of Public Administration, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
2
China Research Center on Urban Resource-Based Transformation and Rural Revitalization, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
3
Collage of Management Sciences, Comsats University Islamabad, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(4), 110; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9040110
Received: 13 February 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 2 April 2020 / Published: 5 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Tillage Systems and Conservative Agriculture)
Sustainable intensification practices (SIPs) involve a process to produce high yields for existing land without affecting the environment. The significance and relevance of SIPs in a Pakistani context demands an investigation. Hence, this study takes the initiative to investigate the determinants regarding the adoption of these practices. Based on the evidence, we selected five SIPs, namely, improved seeds, organic manure, crop rotation, intercropping, and low tillage. Furthermore, this study analyzes the adoption of SIPs with randomly collected data from 612 farmers through multistage sampling. A multivariate probit model (MVP) is employed to analyze the mutually dependent adoption decisions and identify the factors associated with them. The results revealed that education, the area under cultivation, access to information, extension access, social participation, rainfall variability, and temperature increase significantly predict the adoption of SIPs. The adoption of organic manure and crop rotation was highest between all the ecological zones, whereas low tillage was the least adopted practice. Adoption intensity in mixed cropping zones was slightly higher than the other ecological zones. Moreover, the findings also reveal the important synergies amid natural resource management and input-based SIPs. Hence, the study highlights the perseverance and importance of social groups and recommends the government to formulate comprehensive policies to facilitate institutional access and elevate the adoption level amongst the farming community. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable intensification practices; multivariate probit; adoption; synergies; Pakistan sustainable intensification practices; multivariate probit; adoption; synergies; Pakistan
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jabbar, A.; Wu, Q.; Peng, J.; Zhang, J.; Imran, A.; Yao, L. Synergies and Determinants of Sustainable Intensification Practices in Pakistani Agriculture. Land 2020, 9, 110.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop