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Open AccessArticle

Rural-Urban Migration and its Effect on Land Transfer in Rural China

by Dingde Xu 1,*,†, Zhuolin Yong 2,†, Xin Deng 3,†, Linmei Zhuang 2 and Chen Qing 2
1
Sichuan Center for Rural Development Research, College of Management of Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
2
College of Management of Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
3
College of Economics of Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work and should be considered co-first authors.
Received: 19 February 2020 / Revised: 10 March 2020 / Accepted: 10 March 2020 / Published: 11 March 2020
Labor force rural-urban migration will lead to changes to the land use patterns of farmers. Using the survey data on dynamic migration of the Chinese labor force in 2014, iv-probit and iv-tobit models were used to analyze the impact of labor migration on the land transfer of farmers. The results show that: (1) Off-farm employment would significantly impact land transfer of farmers and the results are robust. With every 10% increase in the proportion of off-farm employment of farmers, the average probability of rent-in land of farmers decreases by 1.55%, and the average transfer in land area of farmers decreased by 1.04%. Similarly, with every 10% increase in the proportion of off-farm employment of farmers, the average probability of rent-out land of farmers increases by 4.77%, and the average transfer out land area of farmers increases by 3.98%. (2) Part-time employment also has a significant impact on land transfer of farmers, but the impact of part-time employment on land transfer in is not robust. Specifically, with every 10% increase in part-farm employment, the average probability of rent-out land of farmers increases by 7.64%, and the average transfer out land area of farmers increases by 6.85%. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural-urban migration; land transfer; moderate scale management; China rural-urban migration; land transfer; moderate scale management; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, D.; Yong, Z.; Deng, X.; Zhuang, L.; Qing, C. Rural-Urban Migration and its Effect on Land Transfer in Rural China. Land 2020, 9, 81.

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