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War-Induced Displacement: Hard Choices in Land Governance

Sociology of Development and Change group, Wageningen University, 6700 EW Wageningen, The Netherlands
Centre for International Conflict Analysis and Management, Institute for Management Research, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 HK Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 April 2019 / Accepted: 23 May 2019 / Published: 1 June 2019
Civil war and violence often force large numbers of people to leave their lands. Multiple waves of displacement and (partial) return generate complex overlapping claims that are not easily solved. As people return to their regions of origin—sometimes after decades—they tend to find their land occupied by other settlers, some of whom hold legal entitlements. In the places of arrival, displaced people affect other people’s access as they seek to turn their temporary entitlements into more definite claims. The overlapping claims related to displacement pose serious dilemmas to land governance, which existing land laws and land governance institutions are not well-equipped to deal with. This paper outlines the main challenges for land governance as a first step to move the debate forward. The paper summarises the key challenges around three tensions: first, between short term conflict resolution and structural solutions; second, between state and customary/community-based governance; and finally, between principles (such as the right to return or restitution) and acknowledgement of the new situation. View Full-Text
Keywords: land governance; forced displacement; conflict; violence land governance; forced displacement; conflict; violence
MDPI and ACS Style

van der Haar, G.; van Leeuwen, M. War-Induced Displacement: Hard Choices in Land Governance. Land 2019, 8, 88.

AMA Style

van der Haar G, van Leeuwen M. War-Induced Displacement: Hard Choices in Land Governance. Land. 2019; 8(6):88.

Chicago/Turabian Style

van der Haar, Gemma, and Mathijs van Leeuwen. 2019. "War-Induced Displacement: Hard Choices in Land Governance" Land 8, no. 6: 88.

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