Next Article in Journal
Theories of Land Reform and Their Impact on Land Reform Success in Southern Africa
Next Article in Special Issue
Socially-Tolerated Practices in Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Reporting: Discourses, Displacement, and Impoverishment
Previous Article in Journal
The Land Transfer from the State Treasury to Local Government Units as a Factor of Social Development of Rural Areas in Poland
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Legal Boundaries of ‘Public Purpose’ in India and South Africa: A Comparative Assessment in Light of the Voluntary Guidelines
Open AccessArticle

Urban–Rural Construction Land Replacement for More Sustainable Land Use and Regional Development in China: Policies and Practices

1
Beijing Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
Economic School of Shandong Technology and Business University, Yantai 264003, China
4
Institute of China Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2019, 8(11), 171; https://doi.org/10.3390/land8110171
Received: 16 October 2019 / Revised: 4 November 2019 / Accepted: 5 November 2019 / Published: 12 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land, Land Use and Social Issues)
With the rapid development of urbanization and industrialization, land exploitation in China has caused a decrease of cultivated land, posing a threat to national food security. To achieve the goals of both economic development and cultivated land protection, China launched an urban–rural land replacement measure supported by a new land use policy of “increasing vs. decreasing balance” of construction land between urban and rural areas in 2008. Setting China’s urban and rural land use policies in a historical context and urban–rural sustainable development, this paper discusses four practices in Jiangsu Province, Tianjin Municipality, Shandong Province, and Chongqing Municipality. These practices achieved success in impelling agricultural modernization development, improving rural infrastructure and living circumstances, releasing the potential of rural land resources, and increasing cultivated land and urban construction land in the past decade. However, in some practices, problems, and even some conflicts, exist in the protection of farmers’ rights and interests. These challenges are discussed in the context of implementation. In order to better implement urban–rural construction land replacement and achieve better results, the authors argue that farmers’ rights and interests must always be put first and their wishes should be respected more, a consolidated urban–rural land market and a better land market mechanism should be founded, the supply of public goods and services for villagers should be further improved, and supervision and evaluation mechanisms should be further strengthened. View Full-Text
Keywords: “supply vs. demand imbalance” of land use; urban–rural land replacement; “increasing vs. decreasing balance” land use policy; typical practices; China “supply vs. demand imbalance” of land use; urban–rural land replacement; “increasing vs. decreasing balance” land use policy; typical practices; China
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Li, Y.; Wang, Q.; Cheong, K.C. Urban–Rural Construction Land Replacement for More Sustainable Land Use and Regional Development in China: Policies and Practices. Land 2019, 8, 171.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop