Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Improving the Socioeconomic Status of Rural Women Associated with Agricultural Land Acquisition: A Case Study in Huong Thuy Town, Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam
Previous Article in Journal
Functionality of the Land Certification Program in Ethiopia: Exploratory Evaluation of the Processes of Updating Certificates
Previous Article in Special Issue
Planning for Democracy in Protected Rural Areas: Application of a Voting Method in a Spanish-Portuguese Reserve
Open AccessArticle

Participatory Rural Appraisal Approaches for Public Participation in EIA: Lessons from South Africa

School of Geo and Spatial Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2521, South Africa
Geography and Environmental Studies, The King’s University, Edmonton, AB T6B 2H3, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2019, 8(10), 150;
Received: 30 August 2019 / Revised: 7 October 2019 / Accepted: 9 October 2019 / Published: 12 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land, Land Use and Social Issues)
Public participation in environmental impact assessment (EIA) often falls short of the requirements of best practice in the move towards sustainable development, particularly for disadvantaged and marginalized communities. This paper explores the value of a participatory rural appraisal (PRA) approach for improved public participation in a sample of EIA’s for photovoltaic projects in South Africa. PRA was conducted post facto making use of selected PRA tools. Findings show that a great deal more information was obtained by the PRA approach, confirming the perceived weakness of traditional PP for vulnerable and disadvantaged communities. It is concluded that a PRA approach has considerable potential for improving meaningful public participation, which should improve EIA, build capacity in those communities, and enhance livelihoods and sustainable resource use. View Full-Text
Keywords: participatory rural appraisal (PRA); public participation; EIA participatory rural appraisal (PRA); public participation; EIA
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sandham, L.A.; Chabalala, J.J.; Spaling, H.H. Participatory Rural Appraisal Approaches for Public Participation in EIA: Lessons from South Africa. Land 2019, 8, 150.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop