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Open AccessArticle

Planning for Democracy in Protected Rural Areas: Application of a Voting Method in a Spanish-Portuguese Reserve

1
Department of Business Economics, Faculty of Law and Social Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Campus of Vicálvaro, Tulipan Street, 28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain
2
Föra Forest Technologies, Eduardo Saavedra Street 38, 42004 Soria, Spain
3
Department of Business, Faculty of Business and Communication, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja, C/Almansa 101, 26006 Logroño, La Rioja, Spain
4
Centro de Investigação de Montanha, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, 5300-253 Bragança, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2019, 8(10), 145; https://doi.org/10.3390/land8100145
Received: 4 September 2019 / Revised: 21 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land, Land Use and Social Issues)
The planning of protected rural areas is usually defined by institutional decision-makers without considering the preferences of the local communities that live on the land, which frequently leads to conflicts in land management. This paper proposes a voting method based on the Borda count to rank the management goals of a protected rural area. The method was applied in a Spanish-Portuguese reserve called Iberian Plateau with the aim of collecting the preferences of institutional decision-makers (government and scientists) and rural landowners (farmers and businesspersons). Regarding the conservation and development objectives, the results show differences in spatial planning when only the preferences of institutional decision-makers are taken into consideration, as opposed to when the preferences of landowners are included within the analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: protected rural area; land planning; participatory techniques; voting protected rural area; land planning; participatory techniques; voting
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de Castro-Pardo, M.; Pérez-Rodríguez, F.; Martín-Martín, J.M.; Azevedo, J.C. Planning for Democracy in Protected Rural Areas: Application of a Voting Method in a Spanish-Portuguese Reserve. Land 2019, 8, 145.

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