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Gender, Educational Attainment, and Farm Outcomes in New Zealand

Manaaki Whenua—Landcare Research, Wellington 6011, New Zealand
Received: 11 December 2018 / Revised: 9 January 2019 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 14 January 2019
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Abstract

Empirical studies of farm outcomes that rely on survey data often find important roles for education and gender. However, relatively few studies consider either field of study or gender of the decision maker (as opposed to gender of the survey respondent). This paper evaluates how the field of education and gender of decision makers correlate with profitability, farm management, future intentions, risk and norms, and adoption of novel technologies in New Zealand, explicitly accounting for the fact that many farming households make decisions jointly. Findings show that post-secondary education in a relevant field is a strong predictor of farm outcomes such as adoption of best management practices, plans to convert or intensify land use, risk tolerance, and adoption of novel technologies. Male sole decision makers (vis-à-vis joint decision makers) are more likely to have adopted best management practices and to have greater risk tolerance while female sole decision makers have adopted fewer novel technologies. These results have important implications for policy makers and extension officers who wish to encourage the uptake of best management practices and who wish to better understand future land-use change. View Full-Text
Keywords: survey research; gender; academic field; best management practices survey research; gender; academic field; best management practices
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Brown, P. Gender, Educational Attainment, and Farm Outcomes in New Zealand. Land 2019, 8, 18.

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