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A Review on Remote Sensing of Urban Heat and Cool Islands

Department of Geography, Soran University, Kawa Street, Soran 44008, Erbil, Iraq
Department of Geography, Centre for Landscape and Climate Research, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
National Centre for Earth Observation, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
Department of Geography, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola P.M.B. 2076, Nigeria
Global Change Unit, Department of Thermodynamics, Faculty of Physics, University of Valencia, Valencia E-46071, Spain
Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University, Pathumthani 12121, Thailand
Department of Earth and Environmental Systems, College of Arts and Sciences, Indiana State University, St. Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andrew Millington, Harini Nagendra and Monika Kopecka
Received: 20 April 2017 / Revised: 1 June 2017 / Accepted: 6 June 2017 / Published: 9 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Land Systems: An Ecosystems Perspective)
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The variation between land surface temperature (LST) within a city and its surrounding area is a result of variations in surface cover, thermal capacity and three-dimensional geometry. The objective of this research is to review the state of knowledge and current research to quantify surface urban heat islands (SUHI) and surface urban cool islands (SUCI). In order to identify open issues and gaps remaining in this field, we review research on SUHI/SUCI, the models for simulating UHIs/UCIs and techniques used in this field were appraised. The appraisal has revealed some great progress made in surface UHI mapping of cities located in humid and vegetated (temperate) regions, whilst few studies have investigated the spatiotemporal variation of surface SUHI/SUCI and the effect of land use/land cover (LULC) change on LST in arid and semi-arid climates. While some progress has been made, models for simulating UHI/UCI have been advancing only slowly. We conclude and suggest that SUHI/SUCI in arid and semi-arid areas requires more in-depth study. View Full-Text
Keywords: land surface temperature (LST); urban climate; surface urban cool island (SUCI); remote sensing; review land surface temperature (LST); urban climate; surface urban cool island (SUCI); remote sensing; review
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Rasul, A.; Balzter, H.; Smith, C.; Remedios, J.; Adamu, B.; Sobrino, J.A.; Srivanit, M.; Weng, Q. A Review on Remote Sensing of Urban Heat and Cool Islands. Land 2017, 6, 38.

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