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The Potential of SEA in Fostering European Agriculture Policy and Strategies—Challenges and Opportunities

1
European Commission Joint Research Centre, Via E. Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra, Italy
2
Centre for Innovation in Territory, Urbanism and Architecture (CiTUA), Tecnico—Universidade de Lisboa, 1000-042 Lisboa, Portugal
3
GB Studio Consultancy, Via della Colla 3, 17051 Andora, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marta Debolini
Land 2022, 11(2), 168; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020168
Received: 16 December 2021 / Revised: 17 January 2022 / Accepted: 18 January 2022 / Published: 21 January 2022
Agriculture presents one of the central global pressures on biodiversity and climate. In the EU, the Green Deal, the Farm to Fork, and the Biodiversity Strategy 2030 set ambitious environmental targets, acknowledging the key role of agriculture for their achievement. It is, therefore, crucial to integrate such targets in the European Commission’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The CAP 2023–2027 will be implemented through the national CAP Strategic Plans, subject to Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). This presents an unprecedented opportunity to steer agriculture towards sustainability. This paper aims to elaborate the role of SEA in CAP Strategic Plans by identifying the links between the strategies mentioned above and SEA, learnings from previous SEA experience in Rural development programs, and collecting experts and stakeholders’ views on the topic. We maintain that SEA of CAP Plans should adopt a strategic approach rather than an impact-based one. Relying on the Critical Decision Factors, we exemplify how this approach can be applied to the key objective of reducing mineral fertilizers and chemical pesticides. We show how SEA could be pivotal in this regard and identify three enabling Critical Decision Factors: knowledge transfer, governance, and the need to bring industries into the forum. View Full-Text
Keywords: common agricultural policy; strategic environmental assessment; cap strategic plans; green deal; farm to fork strategy; critical decision factors common agricultural policy; strategic environmental assessment; cap strategic plans; green deal; farm to fork strategy; critical decision factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rega, C.; Partidario, M.d.R.; Martins, R.; Baldizzone, G. The Potential of SEA in Fostering European Agriculture Policy and Strategies—Challenges and Opportunities. Land 2022, 11, 168. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020168

AMA Style

Rega C, Partidario MdR, Martins R, Baldizzone G. The Potential of SEA in Fostering European Agriculture Policy and Strategies—Challenges and Opportunities. Land. 2022; 11(2):168. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020168

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rega, Carlo, Maria d.R. Partidario, Rute Martins, and Giorgio Baldizzone. 2022. "The Potential of SEA in Fostering European Agriculture Policy and Strategies—Challenges and Opportunities" Land 11, no. 2: 168. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020168

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