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Improving Hill Farming: From Maize Monocropping to Alternative Cropping Systems in the Thai Highlands

1
Department of Development and Sustainability, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
2
Agricultural Land Reform Office, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bangkok 10200, Thailand
3
Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Purushothaman Chirakkuzhyil Abhilash
Land 2022, 11(1), 132; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11010132
Received: 4 December 2021 / Revised: 6 January 2022 / Accepted: 10 January 2022 / Published: 15 January 2022
Lately, the Hill Pond Rice System (HPRS) is being promoted as a form of alternative farming systems in selected northern provinces of Thailand, in which the land conversion is designed to maximize rainwater harvesting in farmland consisting of forest trees, water reservoirs, paddy fields, and high-value crop cultivation to serve environmental and livelihood needs. This study employed the double-hurdle model and the tobit technique to investigate the farm-level factors associated with land conversion from maize monocropping to the HPRS using primary data collected from 253 households in Nan, Chiang Mai, Tak, and Lampang Provinces. It was found that education, farming knowledge, understanding benefits of the HPRS, access to water sources, access to advis, and workforce sharing raised the likelihood and extent of farmland conversion into the HPRS. In contrast, perceived complexity of the HPRS, experiences with negative shocks, and land tenure security lowered the likelihood and extent of land conversion. The findings suggest that on-farm collective action should be promoted to mitigate labor constraints in implementation and that access to equipment should be enhanced through HPRS advisors’ visits. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated farming system; sustainable agricultural practices; technology adoption; Hill Pond Rice System (HPRS); upland farming; rice-fish system; agroforestry; double-hurdle model; tobit integrated farming system; sustainable agricultural practices; technology adoption; Hill Pond Rice System (HPRS); upland farming; rice-fish system; agroforestry; double-hurdle model; tobit
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MDPI and ACS Style

Senanuch, C.; Tsusaka, T.W.; Datta, A.; Sasaki, N. Improving Hill Farming: From Maize Monocropping to Alternative Cropping Systems in the Thai Highlands. Land 2022, 11, 132. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11010132

AMA Style

Senanuch C, Tsusaka TW, Datta A, Sasaki N. Improving Hill Farming: From Maize Monocropping to Alternative Cropping Systems in the Thai Highlands. Land. 2022; 11(1):132. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11010132

Chicago/Turabian Style

Senanuch, Chiranan, Takuji W. Tsusaka, Avishek Datta, and Nophea Sasaki. 2022. "Improving Hill Farming: From Maize Monocropping to Alternative Cropping Systems in the Thai Highlands" Land 11, no. 1: 132. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11010132

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