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Article

Territories of Faith: 1000 Years of Landscape Multifunctionality in Santa Mariña de Augas Santas (NW Spain)

1
Interdisciplinary Center for Archaeology and Evolution of Human Behaviour (ICArEHB), Campus de Gambelas, Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
2
Departamento de Historia, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago, Spain
3
Instituto Universitario de Xeoloxía “Isidro Parga Pondal”, Universidade de A Coruña, 15071 A Coruña, Spain
4
Independent Researcher, 36003 Pontevedra, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexandru-Ionuţ Petrişor
Land 2021, 10(9), 992; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10090992
Received: 5 August 2021 / Revised: 15 September 2021 / Accepted: 16 September 2021 / Published: 21 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Landscape Archaeology)
Landscape multifunctionality is increasingly recognized as an important aspect in sustainability and developmental debates. Yet, how and why a multifunctional landscape configuration develops over time has not been sufficiently studied. Here we present the geoarchaeological investigation of the Santa Mariña de Augas Santas site, in northwestern Spain. We focus on the role of religious practice, and of its interplay with productive strategies, in landscape transformation. A geochemical, mineralogical, and geochronological characterization of the pedo-sedimentary record (including XRF, EA-IRMS, XRD, OSL and 14C measurements) allowed to characterize catchment scale sedimentation processes in relation to agricultural activities. The geographical and chronological coincidence of production functions with documented religious activities demonstrate that both aspects shared geographical spaces during the last millennium. Current landscape multifunctionality at Santa Mariña is thus not the final outcome of a specific evolution, but an essential aspect of traditional land use strategies through history and a driver of change. This work highlights the need of a long-term study of the processes of landscape configuration when assessing the sustainability of traditional productive systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: multifunctionality; landscape change; religion; agriculture; pedo-sedimentary record multifunctionality; landscape change; religion; agriculture; pedo-sedimentary record
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferro-Vázquez, C.; Blanco-Rotea, R.; Sanjurjo-Sánchez, J.; García-Rodríguez, S.; García Quintela, M.V. Territories of Faith: 1000 Years of Landscape Multifunctionality in Santa Mariña de Augas Santas (NW Spain). Land 2021, 10, 992. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10090992

AMA Style

Ferro-Vázquez C, Blanco-Rotea R, Sanjurjo-Sánchez J, García-Rodríguez S, García Quintela MV. Territories of Faith: 1000 Years of Landscape Multifunctionality in Santa Mariña de Augas Santas (NW Spain). Land. 2021; 10(9):992. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10090992

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ferro-Vázquez, Cruz, Rebeca Blanco-Rotea, Jorge Sanjurjo-Sánchez, Sonia García-Rodríguez, and Marco V. García Quintela. 2021. "Territories of Faith: 1000 Years of Landscape Multifunctionality in Santa Mariña de Augas Santas (NW Spain)" Land 10, no. 9: 992. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10090992

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