Next Article in Journal
Agroforestry-Based Ecosystem Services: Reconciling Values of Humans and Nature in Sustainable Development
Next Article in Special Issue
Calculation of Ecological Compensation Standards for Arable Land Based on the Value Flow of Support Services
Previous Article in Journal
Coupling Relationship and Interactive Response between Intensive Land Use and Tourism Industry Development in China’s Major Tourist Cities
Previous Article in Special Issue
Stakeholders’ Participation in Sustainable Tourism Planning for a Rural Region: Extremadura Case Study (Spain)
Article

Exploring the Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Development of Specialized Agricultural Villages in the Underdeveloped Region of China

by 1,2, 1,2 and 3,*
1
Academician Laboratory for Urban and Rural Spatial Data Mining of Henan Province, School of Resources and Environment, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450046, China
2
Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization Jointly Built by Henan Province and Ministry of Education, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China
3
Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ana Nieto Masot and José Luis Gurría Gascón
Land 2021, 10(7), 698; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10070698
Received: 31 May 2021 / Revised: 29 June 2021 / Accepted: 29 June 2021 / Published: 2 July 2021
The development of specialized agricultural villages (DSAVs) is essential for rural revitalization. However, most current studies focus on the formation of specialized agricultural villages (SAVs), while the interpretation of DSAVs from the perspective of the geographical factors is still missing. In this study, we firstly employed the kernel density estimation to analyze the spatial pattern of DSAVs and then utilized the Geographic Detectors to explore which geographical factor(s) affected the SAVs of Henan, China in the formation (in 2010), steady (2011–2014), and rapid development (2015–2019) period of SAVs. The DSAVs were measured by gross product (GP), the employment rate (ER), and farmers’ income (FI) of SAVs. Eleven indicators described the geographic factors in five categories: terrains, resources, locations, markets, and economy. The results showed that the spatial pattern of DSAVs was from relatively uneven in the early formation to significantly clustering in the development period of SAVs. Specialized shiitake and Chinese herbal villages clustered in the mountain–plain transition zone. The aggregation of specialized coarse cereals villages was in the hill–plain transition zone. Specialized fruit and livestock villages gathered in the plain region. Further analyses were in these regions; compared with SAVs’ formation’s critical factors, the importance of terrain and location factors to DSAVs was decreasing, while market and economic factors were increasing in the development period of SAVs. The strongest changing was the development of specialized shiitake villages in the mountain–plain transition zone. These findings could provide guidance for the direction of DSAVs in underdeveloped areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: specialized agricultural villages; geographical factor; the underdeveloped region; China specialized agricultural villages; geographical factor; the underdeveloped region; China
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Niu, N.; Li, X.; Li, L. Exploring the Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Development of Specialized Agricultural Villages in the Underdeveloped Region of China. Land 2021, 10, 698. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10070698

AMA Style

Niu N, Li X, Li L. Exploring the Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Development of Specialized Agricultural Villages in the Underdeveloped Region of China. Land. 2021; 10(7):698. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10070698

Chicago/Turabian Style

Niu, Ning, Xiaojian Li, and Li Li. 2021. "Exploring the Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Development of Specialized Agricultural Villages in the Underdeveloped Region of China" Land 10, no. 7: 698. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10070698

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop