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Article

How to Define a New Metropolitan Area? The Case of Quito, Ecuador, and Contributions for Urban Planning

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Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y la Construcción, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas-ESPE, Sangolquí 171103, Ecuador
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Instituto de Geografía, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Macul, Santiago 7820244, Chile
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Researcher, Center for Sustainable Urban Development CEDEUS, El Comendador 1916, Providencia, Santiago 7820244, Chile
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Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, FLACSO, Diego de Almagro, Quito 170201, Ecuador
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Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo, Universidad Central del Ecuador, Quito 170521, Ecuador
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LEMA, Urban and Environmental Engineering Department, Liège University, 4000 Liège, Belgium
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dagmar Haase
Land 2021, 10(4), 413; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040413
Received: 28 January 2021 / Revised: 30 March 2021 / Accepted: 6 April 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Contexts and Urban-Rural Interactions)
The Metropolitan Area of Quito has experienced exponential growth in recent decades, especially in peri-urban sectors. The literature has described this process as “urban sprawl”, a phenomenon that is changing the landscape by increasing land consumption and forming conurbations with the nearest populated centers. This article proposes a new, broader and more complex metropolitan structure for the metropolis of Quito, the linking of neighboring and conurbed areas to the form a new metropolitan area based on the case study of the Metropolitan District of Quito (DMQ). This new metropolitan area identification considers the interpretation of satellite images and the classification of land uses, highlighting the main urban growth areas located outside, but contiguous to the administrative limit of the DMQ, over a period of 19 years (1998 to 2017), the demographics analysis, particularly the densification of new urban peripheral areas close to the DMQ border and the mobility links of population, goods and services between human settlements that allows the configuration of urban corridors and the integration of the territory. The main findings evaluated are the need to evaluate urban planning strategies aimed at sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sprawl; peri-urban; conurbation; land uses; urban planning urban sprawl; peri-urban; conurbation; land uses; urban planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salazar, E.; Henríquez, C.; Durán, G.; Qüense, J.; Puente-Sotomayor, F. How to Define a New Metropolitan Area? The Case of Quito, Ecuador, and Contributions for Urban Planning. Land 2021, 10, 413. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040413

AMA Style

Salazar E, Henríquez C, Durán G, Qüense J, Puente-Sotomayor F. How to Define a New Metropolitan Area? The Case of Quito, Ecuador, and Contributions for Urban Planning. Land. 2021; 10(4):413. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040413

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salazar, Esthela, Cristián Henríquez, Gustavo Durán, Jorge Qüense, and Fernando Puente-Sotomayor. 2021. "How to Define a New Metropolitan Area? The Case of Quito, Ecuador, and Contributions for Urban Planning" Land 10, no. 4: 413. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040413

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