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Article

Community Preparation and Vulnerability Indices for Floods in Pahang State of Malaysia

1
Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM Bangi, Bangi 43600, Malaysia
2
School of Economics, Finance and Banking, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok 06010, Malaysia
3
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marina Cabral Pinto
Land 2021, 10(2), 198; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020198
Received: 18 January 2021 / Revised: 2 February 2021 / Accepted: 3 February 2021 / Published: 16 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geochemical Mapping in Land Managing)
The east coast of Malaysia is frequently hit by monsoon floods every year that severely impact people, particularly those living close to the river bank, which is considered to be the most vulnerable and high-risk areas. We aim to determine the most vulnerable area and understand affected residents of this community who are living in the most sensitive areas caused by flooding events in districts of Temerloh, Pekan, and Kuantan, Pahang. This study involved collecting data for vulnerability index components. A field survey and face-to-face interviews with 602 respondents were conducted 6 months after the floods by using a questionnaire evaluation based on the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI). The findings show that residents in the Temerloh district are at higher risk of flooding damage compared to those living in Pekan and Kuantan. Meanwhile, the contribution factor of LVI-Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) showed that Kuantan is more exposed to the impact of climate change, followed by Temerloh and Pekan. Among all the principal components shown, food components were considered to be the most vulnerable. Meanwhile, water components were categorised as the most invulnerable. Preventive planning involves preserving human life, minimising damage to household products, preserving crops and animals, adequate supply of clean water and food, good health and ensuring financial sustainability as an indication of changing livelihoods, sustainable food-storing systems, and other protective steps to curb damage and injury caused by annual flood strikes. Information generated on LVI assessment and adaptation procedures will help policymakers reduce people’s vulnerability in the face of floods and ensure proper plans are put in place in all relevant areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: livelihood vulnerability indices; flood; flood adaptation; preventive planning; Pahang; Malaysia livelihood vulnerability indices; flood; flood adaptation; preventive planning; Pahang; Malaysia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nurul Ashikin, A.; Nor Diana, M.I.; Siwar, C.; Alam, M.M.; Yasar, M. Community Preparation and Vulnerability Indices for Floods in Pahang State of Malaysia. Land 2021, 10, 198. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020198

AMA Style

Nurul Ashikin A, Nor Diana MI, Siwar C, Alam MM, Yasar M. Community Preparation and Vulnerability Indices for Floods in Pahang State of Malaysia. Land. 2021; 10(2):198. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020198

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nurul Ashikin, Alias, Mohd I. Nor Diana, Chamhuri Siwar, Md. M. Alam, and Muhamad Yasar. 2021. "Community Preparation and Vulnerability Indices for Floods in Pahang State of Malaysia" Land 10, no. 2: 198. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020198

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