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Water 2017, 9(9), 713; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9090713

Changes in Phytoplankton and Water Quality during Sustainable Restoration of an Urban Lake Used for Recreation and Water Supply

1
Department of Water Protection, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Umultowska 89, Poznań 61-614, Poland
2
Szczecin City Office, ZDiTM, Armii Krajowej 1, Szczecin 70-456, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 May 2017 / Revised: 8 September 2017 / Accepted: 11 September 2017 / Published: 18 September 2017
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Abstract

Groundwater intake near Lake Głębokie, situated in the city of Szczecin in Northwestern Poland, resulted in a distinct decrease in the lake water level. Water intake from a river and a neighboring urban area led to eutrophication and a strong cyanobacterial water bloom. Both the water intake and recreation were threatened due to the possible influence of cyanobacterial toxins. The lake was subjected to three sustainable restoration methods: aeration of sediment-water; iron addition to precipitate P, and; biomanipulation. The goal of our study was to determine the changes in the taxonomic composition of phytoplankton and chemical water variables during restoration measures. A comparison of the data obtained during this research with the pre-restoration data showed that, as a result of the treatments orthophosphates decreased, rarely exceeding 0.06 mg P·L−1, and cyanobacterial water blooms disappeared. Cyanobacteria were found in the lake but they were not abundant. Chrysophytes and diatoms were the most abundant in springtime of each year. Green algae, desmids and chrysophytes were particularly abundant in summer, while cryptophytes predominated in autumn. Algae from all these groups do not pose a threat to either recreation or water intake. The deep chlorophyll maximum occurring in summer at a depth of 5 m as a result of restoration confirms the lower trophic status of the lake, alluding to mesotrophic conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomanipulation; deep water aeration; iron addition; phytoplankton composition; water supply biomanipulation; deep water aeration; iron addition; phytoplankton composition; water supply
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Kozak, A.; Gołdyn, R.; Dondajewska, R.; Kowalczewska-Madura, K.; Holona, T. Changes in Phytoplankton and Water Quality during Sustainable Restoration of an Urban Lake Used for Recreation and Water Supply. Water 2017, 9, 713.

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