Next Article in Journal
CryoSat-2 Altimetry Applications over Rivers and Lakes
Previous Article in Journal
Climate Variability Structures Plant Community Dynamics in Mediterranean Restored and Reference Tidal Wetlands
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Determinants of Farmers’ Climate Risk Perceptions in Agriculture—A Rural Ghana Perspective

School of Economics and Management, Kochi University of Technology, 2-22 Eikokuji, Kochi City, Kochi780-8515, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreas N. Angelakis
Water 2017, 9(3), 210;
Received: 21 November 2016 / Revised: 14 February 2017 / Accepted: 7 March 2017 / Published: 13 March 2017
PDF [389 KB, uploaded 13 March 2017]


This study evaluates the socio-economic predictors of farmers’ perceptions about climate risk in agriculture. The levels of risk perception among different farmers’ wealth groups are also investigated. A total of 100 farmers in the Lawra district of Ghana are randomly selected and interviewed. Data is obtained through the use of semi-structured questionnaires and focus group discussions. A climate risk perception index (CRPI) is derived and applied to assess the degree of perceived risk among different wealth groups of farmers. The linear regression model is also used to analyze the data. The results showed that 93% of farmers have perceived climate risk while 7% are not sure if they have perceived it. Results of the CRPI showed that resource-poor farmers are concerned about climate risk on agricultural production, while resource-moderate and resource-rich farmers are concerned about risk impacts on climatic variables, and health and socio-economy, respectively. Results of the regression model showed that education, age, a perceived increase in human disease and mortality, and a decrease in food security and incomes are predictors of risk perception. The policy implication of this study is that predictors of farmers’ climate risk perception should be factored into climate change risk communication in order to boost awareness and adaptation to climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; farming; predictors; risk impacts; Lawra district climate change; farming; predictors; risk impacts; Lawra district

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ndamani, F.; Watanabe, T. Determinants of Farmers’ Climate Risk Perceptions in Agriculture—A Rural Ghana Perspective. Water 2017, 9, 210.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top