Next Article in Journal
Multivariate Analysis of Joint Probability of Different Rainfall Frequencies Based on Copulas
Next Article in Special Issue
Assessing the Ecological Relevance of Organic Discharge Limits for Constructed Wetlands by Means of a Model-Based Analysis
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Putting Flow–Ecology Relationships into Practice: A Decision-Support System to Assess Fish Community Response to Water-Management Scenarios
Article

Establishment and Application of Wetlands Ecosystem Services and Sustainable Ecological Evaluation Indicators

by 1,2
1
School of Health Diet and Industry Management, Chung Shan Medical University, No. 110, Sec. 1, Jianguo N. Rd., Taichung City 40201, Taiwan
2
Department of Medical Management, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No. 110, Sec. 1, Jianguo N. Rd., Taichung City 40201, Taiwan
Academic Editor: Peter L. M. Goethals
Water 2017, 9(3), 197; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9030197
Received: 8 November 2016 / Accepted: 7 March 2017 / Published: 8 March 2017
Gaomei wetlands are national Taiwanese coastal wetlands. Over the past few years, they have grown into an important water bird habitat and popular bird-watching location. However, the rapid growth in tourism has begun to affect the environmental quality in the Gaomei wetlands. This study combined ecosystem services (ES) and ecological footprint (EF) assessments to evaluate the sustainability status according to the features of each ecosystem service for the different Gaomei wetlands land uses. The results found that (a) the total Gaomei wetlands ecosystem service value increased from 59.24 million TWD in 2008 to 98.10 million TWD in 2015, and the ecosystem service function was continuously improving; (b) the EF increased by 56.12% over 8 years; and (c) there was a negative growth rate of 106.54% in the ecological deficit (ED) in the sustainable ecological evaluation indicators (SEEI). The ecological footprint index (EFI) in 2015 was at Level 4 at 1.02, and the environmental sustainability index (ESI) was at Level 3 at 0.49. Results show that Gaomei wetlands have a low sustainability; therefore, the local, regional, and national governments need to implement regulations to strictly control the Gaomei wetlands land use. This study demonstrated that ES and EF theory application can give an objective guidance to decision-makers to ensure that wetlands eco-security can be maintained at safe levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: wetlands; ecological footprint; ecosystem services; ecological security; sustainable ecological evaluation indicators (SEEI) wetlands; ecological footprint; ecosystem services; ecological security; sustainable ecological evaluation indicators (SEEI)
MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, H.-S. Establishment and Application of Wetlands Ecosystem Services and Sustainable Ecological Evaluation Indicators. Water 2017, 9, 197. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9030197

AMA Style

Chen H-S. Establishment and Application of Wetlands Ecosystem Services and Sustainable Ecological Evaluation Indicators. Water. 2017; 9(3):197. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9030197

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Han-Shen. 2017. "Establishment and Application of Wetlands Ecosystem Services and Sustainable Ecological Evaluation Indicators" Water 9, no. 3: 197. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9030197

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop