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Strategic Points in Aquaponics

Institute for Natural Resource Sciences, ZHAW Zurich University of Applied Sciences, 8820 Waedenswil, Switzerland
Humboldt-University of Berlin, Thaer Institute and IRI THESys, 10099 Berlin, Germany
School of Agricultural Engineering, Technical University of Madrid. Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Plant Protection Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Centre for Agricultural Research, Herman Otto 15, 1022 Budapest, Hungary
Faculty of Agricultural Science, Esterhazy Karoly University, Matrai ut 36, Gyongyos 3200, Hungary
Integrated and Urban Plant Pathology, Gembloux Agro Bio-Tech, University of Liège, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Arjen Y. Hoekstra
Water 2017, 9(3), 182;
Received: 2 December 2016 / Accepted: 16 February 2017 / Published: 3 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aquaponics: Toward a Sustainable Water-Based Production System?)
Global environmental, social and economic challenges drive the need for new and improved solutions for food production and consumption. Food production within a sustainability corridor requires innovations exceeding traditional paradigms, acknowledging the complexity arising from sustainability. However, there is a lack of knowledge about how to direct further activities, to develop technologies as potential solutions for questions related to climate change, loss of soil fertility and biodiversity, scarcity of resources, and shortage of drinking water. One approach that promises to address these problems is controlled environment agriculture. Aquaponics (AP) combines two technologies: recirculation aquaculture systems (RAS) and hydroponics (plant production in water, without soil) in a closed-loop system. One challenge to the development of this technology is the conversion of the toxic ammonium produced by the fish into nitrate, via bacteria in a biofilter, to provide nitrogen to the plants. However, as this Special Issue shows, there are many other challenges that need to be addressed if the goal of the technology is to contribute to more sustainable food production systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquaponics; challenges; bacteria; sustainability aquaponics; challenges; bacteria; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Junge, R.; König, B.; Villarroel, M.; Komives, T.; Jijakli, M.H. Strategic Points in Aquaponics. Water 2017, 9, 182.

AMA Style

Junge R, König B, Villarroel M, Komives T, Jijakli MH. Strategic Points in Aquaponics. Water. 2017; 9(3):182.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Junge, Ranka, Bettina König, Morris Villarroel, Tamas Komives, and M. H. Jijakli. 2017. "Strategic Points in Aquaponics" Water 9, no. 3: 182.

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