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Water 2017, 9(12), 941;

Should We Leave? Attitudes towards Relocation in Response to Sea Level Rise

1 and 2,*
Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China
Department of Urban Studies and Planning, School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 October 2017 / Revised: 21 November 2017 / Accepted: 1 December 2017 / Published: 4 December 2017
PDF [2938 KB, uploaded 14 December 2017]


The participation of individuals contributes significantly to the success of sea level rise adaptation. This study therefore addresses what influences people’s likelihood of relocating away from low-lying areas in response to rising sea levels. The analysis was based on a survey conducted in the City of Panama Beach in Florida (USA). Survey items relate to people’s risk perception, hazard experience, threat appraisal, and coping appraisal, whose theoretical background is Protection Motivation Theory. Descriptive and correlation analysis was first performed to highlight critical factors which were then examined by a multinomial Logit model. Results show that sea level rise awareness is the major explanatory variable. Coping appraisal is qualitatively viewed as a strong predictor for action, while threat appraisal is statistically significant in driving relocation intention. These factors should be integrated in current risk communication regarding sea level rise. View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal hazards; climate change; regression; questionnaire; flooding coastal hazards; climate change; regression; questionnaire; flooding

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Song, J.; Peng, B. Should We Leave? Attitudes towards Relocation in Response to Sea Level Rise. Water 2017, 9, 941.

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