Next Article in Journal
Monthly Rainfall Erosivity: Conversion Factors for Different Time Resolutions and Regional Assessments
Next Article in Special Issue
Undermining Demand Management with Supply Management: Moral Hazard in Israeli Water Policies
Previous Article in Journal
Nutrient Retention in Restored Streams and Rivers: A Global Review and Synthesis
Previous Article in Special Issue
Adaptive Governance of Water Resources Shared with Indigenous Peoples: The Role of Law
Open AccessArticle

Explore, Synthesize, and Repeat: Unraveling Complex Water Management Issues through the Stakeholder Engagement Wheel

Water Resources Research Center, Arizona Cooperative Extension, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona, 350 N. Campbell Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Davide Viaggi
Water 2016, 8(4), 118;
Received: 15 February 2016 / Revised: 16 March 2016 / Accepted: 21 March 2016 / Published: 28 March 2016
Effective stakeholder engagement is fundamental to water management, yet there are as many approaches to consultation as there are efforts. This paper provides an evaluation of, and lessons learned from three water management engagement processes, and uses this assessment to offer a framework for stakeholder engagement. The Stakeholder Engagement Wheel framework is centered on a bridging organization that ensures that the process continues to move forward, and a steering committee that guides and changes activities according to stakeholder interests and concerns. Around the Stakeholder Engagement Wheel are four steps designed to examine iteratively the water management issue driving the engagement process and expand the sphere of interests involved. Many engagement processes have limited effectiveness because of: (1) paucity of time; (2) complexity of water resources management; (3) difficulty of engaging diverse stakeholders; and (4) lack of methods for engagement that are centered on empowerment, equity, trust, and learning. In this study, we have encountered all four of these issues and have addressed all but the first through a deliberate, iterative, and flexible approach. By cycling through activities and actions as proposed in the Stakeholder Engagement Wheel, we can build a community of practitioners with the nuanced and shared understanding needed for cohesive action and robust decisions in the face our considerable challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: stakeholder engagement; water management; social learning stakeholder engagement; water management; social learning
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Mott Lacroix, K.E.; Megdal, S.B. Explore, Synthesize, and Repeat: Unraveling Complex Water Management Issues through the Stakeholder Engagement Wheel. Water 2016, 8, 118.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop