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Hierarchical Classification of Groundwater Pollution Risk of Contaminated Sites Using Fuzzy Logic: A Case Study in the Basilicata Region (Italy)

School of Engineering, University of Basilicata, viale dell'Ateneo Lucano n. 10, Potenza 85100, Italy
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These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Water 2015, 7(5), 2013-2036; https://doi.org/10.3390/w7052013
Received: 17 February 2015 / Revised: 31 March 2015 / Accepted: 21 April 2015 / Published: 30 April 2015
Groundwater is an important source of water. Since the control and removal of pollution are expensive, it is essential to identify the possible sources of contamination and to correctly classify groundwater on the basis of its intrinsic and integrated vulnerability. In the last years, many fuzzy models have been developed. There is a lack, however, of studies concerning the application of fuzzy logic for the assessment of the susceptibility of groundwater quality to anthropogenic activities and comparing these methods with traditional methods. The fuzzy model described in this paper assesses the aquifer integrated environmental vulnerability connected to the presence of illegal dumpsites and allows us to hierarchically classify them within a hazard scale. The results allowed us to carry out a comparison of the proposed fuzzy method with a traditional method. The fuzzy method proved to be a useful and objective tool for environmental planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuzzy logic; groundwater intrinsic vulnerability; groundwater integrated vulnerability; illegal open dumpsites fuzzy logic; groundwater intrinsic vulnerability; groundwater integrated vulnerability; illegal open dumpsites
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Caniani, D.; Lioi, D.S.; Mancini, I.M.; Masi, S. Hierarchical Classification of Groundwater Pollution Risk of Contaminated Sites Using Fuzzy Logic: A Case Study in the Basilicata Region (Italy). Water 2015, 7, 2013-2036.

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