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Open AccessArticle

Rethinking Sustainability, Scaling Up, and Enabling Environment: A Framework for Their Implementation in Drinking Water Supply

by Urooj Q. Amjad 1,2,*,†, Edema Ojomo 1,†, Kristen Downs 1,†, Ryan Cronk 1,† and Jamie Bartram 1,†
1
The Water Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Campus Box 7431, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7431, USA
2
Global Research Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill FedEx, Global Education Center, CB# 5145, 301 Pittsboro St Chapel Hill, NC 27599-5145, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Marc Henry
Water 2015, 7(4), 1497-1514; https://doi.org/10.3390/w7041497
Received: 31 December 2014 / Revised: 3 March 2015 / Accepted: 18 March 2015 / Published: 3 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Treatment and Human Health)
The terms sustainability, scaling up, and enabling environment are inconsistently used in implementing water supply projects. To clarify these terms we develop a framework based on Normalization Process Theory, and apply the framework to a hypothetical water supply project in schools. The resulting framework provides guidance on how these terms could be implemented and analyzed in water supply projects. We conclude that effective use of the terms sustainability, scaling up, and enabling environment would focus on purpose, process, and perspective. This is the first known attempt to analyze the implementation of the three terms together in the context of water supply services. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; scaling up; enabling environment; drinking water supply; implementation; normalization process theory sustainability; scaling up; enabling environment; drinking water supply; implementation; normalization process theory
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Amjad, U.Q.; Ojomo, E.; Downs, K.; Cronk, R.; Bartram, J. Rethinking Sustainability, Scaling Up, and Enabling Environment: A Framework for Their Implementation in Drinking Water Supply. Water 2015, 7, 1497-1514.

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