Novel Design of Double Slope Solar Distiller with Prismatic Absorber Basin, Linen Wicks, and Dual Parallel Spraying Nozzles: Experimental Investigation and Energic–Exergic-Economic Analyses
- A new double slope solar distiller with a wick prismatic basin and dual parallel spraying nozzles (DSSD-WPB&DPSN) is investigated for the first time and compared to the traditional double slope solar distiller (TDSSD).
- Modified DSSD-WPB&DPSN and TDSSD are designed, manufactured, and examined under the same weather conditions of Tanta (31° E and 30.5° N), Egypt.
- A comparative exergetic–energetic assessment of the two studied distillers is accomplished to explore the effects of the proposed applied modifications on the performance of the DSSD.
- A cost analysis is carried out to assess the production cost per liter of freshwater obtained by the two cases of DSSD.
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Design and Experimentation of the System
2.2. Experimental Procedure and Measurements
3. Results and Discussion
4. Comparison between the Present Work and Other Previous Studies
5. Life Cost Analysis
- The utilization of a wick prismatic absorber basin remarkably augmented the cumulative distillation yield by enhancing the vaporization rates via providing an increased heat transfer zone in the basin. In addition, the implementation of dual parallel spraying nozzles for the seawater feed supply helps in minimizing the saltwater film and augmenting the absorption of solar radiation, and enhancing the evaporation and condensation rates, thus significantly increasing the freshwater yields of the DSSD.
- The modified DSSD with a wick prismatic basin and dual parallel spraying nozzles (DSSD-WPB&DPSN) obtained an augmentation in the cumulative distillation yield by 49.64% (8.20 kg/day·m2) over the TDSSD (5.48 kg/day·m2) at a fixed saltwater deepness of 2.0 cm.
- The diurnal energetic efficiency of the DSSD-WPB&DPSN was computed to be 59.60% compared to 40.20% for TDSSD, respectively, representing a 48.51% improvement in the energetic efficiency.
- The daily exergetic efficiency of the DSSD-WPB&DPSN was obtained as 4.10% compared to 1.82% for TDSSD, respectively, representing 118.10% augmentation in the daily exergy efficacy.
- The life cost assessment reveals that the cost per liter of the distilled yield of the DSSD-WPB&DPSN and TDSSD were estimated to be 0.01820 USD/kg and 0.01330 USD/kg, respectively, representing a reduction in the freshwater production cost of 11.13%.
- It can be inferred that the wick prismatic absorber basin and dual parallel spraying nozzles can be regarded as an effective strategy for augmenting the freshwater distillation and energic, exergetic, and economic performances of the double-slope solar distillers.
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Measurement Device||Accuracy||Range||Error (%)|
|K-type thermocouples||±0.10 °C||0–100 °C||0.197|
|SR05 solarimeter||±1 W/m2||(0–5000) W/m2||0.462|
|Testo 410i Vane anemometer||±0.1 m/s||0.4–30 m/s||2.45|
|Graduated beaker||±5.0 mL||0–500 mL||0.260|
|Ref.||SD Design||Modifications and Additives||Daily Yield (kg/m2·day)||Yield Increase |
|||DSSD||- With black granite storage material|
- With external reflectors
|||DSSD||Circular hollow fins||1.50||43.80|
|||DSSD||- Water + Al2O3 nanofluid|
- Water + TiO2 nanofluid
- Water + CuO nanofluid
|||DSSD||Rectangular fins + paraffin wax + wicks + exterior condenser||2.82||13.12|
|||DSSD||Nano LaCoO3/black paint||5.40||40.20|
|DSSD||Wick prismatic absorber basin and dual parallel spraying nozzles||8.20||49.64|
|Manufacturing and Materials (USD)||80.0||80.0|
|Wick prismatic absorber basin cost (USD)||-||20|
|Dual parallel spraying nozzles cost (USD)||-||15|
|Capitalized total cost, P (USD)||80.0||115.00|
|First annual cost, FAC (USD)||14.1587||20.3531|
|Annual maintenance cost, AMC, (USD)||4.2476||6.1059|
|Annual salvage value, ASV (USD)||0.9117||1.3106|
|Total yearly cost, TYC (USD)||17.495||25.148|
|Daily distillation yield (kg/m2·d)||5.4800||8.2000|
|Annual distillation yield (kg/m2·yr)||1479.6||2214.0|
|Cost of 1.0 L of distilled yield, CLDY (USD/kg)||0.01820||0.01135|
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Zayed, M.E.; Kamal, A.; Diab, M.R.; Essa, F.A.; Muskens, O.L.; Fujii, M.; Elsheikh, A.H. Novel Design of Double Slope Solar Distiller with Prismatic Absorber Basin, Linen Wicks, and Dual Parallel Spraying Nozzles: Experimental Investigation and Energic–Exergic-Economic Analyses. Water 2023, 15, 610. https://doi.org/10.3390/w15030610
Zayed ME, Kamal A, Diab MR, Essa FA, Muskens OL, Fujii M, Elsheikh AH. Novel Design of Double Slope Solar Distiller with Prismatic Absorber Basin, Linen Wicks, and Dual Parallel Spraying Nozzles: Experimental Investigation and Energic–Exergic-Economic Analyses. Water. 2023; 15(3):610. https://doi.org/10.3390/w15030610Chicago/Turabian Style
Zayed, Mohamed E., Abdallah Kamal, Mohamed Ragab Diab, Fadl A. Essa, Otto L. Muskens, Manabu Fujii, and Ammar H. Elsheikh. 2023. "Novel Design of Double Slope Solar Distiller with Prismatic Absorber Basin, Linen Wicks, and Dual Parallel Spraying Nozzles: Experimental Investigation and Energic–Exergic-Economic Analyses" Water 15, no. 3: 610. https://doi.org/10.3390/w15030610